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AN ALL-INCLUSIVE GUIDE TO GRAPESEED OIL

AN ALL-INCLUSIVE GUIDE TO GRAPESEED OIL

OCTOBER 12, 2017      COMMENTS

IN ESSENCE…

    • Grapeseed Carrier Oil, or Grape Oil as it is sometimes called, is extracted from the seeds of the Vitis vinifera botanical, which is typically cultivated to produce wine grapes.
    • Although they are often discarded, the seeds are said to be the part of the grape that is most conducive to health.
    • Grapeseed Carrier Oil tightens and tones the skin, protects against sun damage, and reduces the appearance of blemishes, wrinkles, and stretch marks.
    • Used on skin, Grapeseed Oil cleanses the pores and balances oil production, thereby reducing future acne breakouts.
    • Used in hair, Grapeseed Carrier Oil contributes to its softness and smoothness while promoting its growth.
  • Used medicinally, Grapeseed Carrier Oil boosts circulation and reduces the appearance of varicose veins and cellulite while soothing tired muscles and boosting immunity.


HISTORY OF GRAPESEED OIL

Grapeseed Oil, or Grape Oil as it is sometimes called, is extracted from the seeds of the Vitis vinifera botanical, which is typically cultivated to produce wine grapes, although sometimes non-alcoholic grape juice can also be produced. Generally, however, the seeds and seed oil are a byproduct of the winemaking process. Though often discarded, the seeds are said to be the part of the grape that is most conducive to health. The grapevine is endemic to the Mediterranean region as well as Asia, and it is believed that the Greeks were the first to consume grapes for their numerous health benefits. Ancient medical writings have revealed that the health benefits of grapes were recorded by Greek philosophers. Grapeseed Oil has existed and been in use for more than 6000 years, and the use of grapes in food and drink had been propagated throughout the Mediterranean region even before the Bible was written. According to the Bible, the oil was used in a dish called Pulse, which the Prophet Daniel is said to have eaten for its health-enhancing properties, which points to the fact that even then, people were aware of the health benefits offered by Grapeseed Oil. According to other historical sources, the medical practitioners of Ancient Europe used various parts of the grape as well as the extracts from its seeds and vines in medicinal applications, especially to create ointments that would treat ailments of the skin and the eyes. The leaves were used as bandages to help stop the flow of blood in wounds and to soothe inflammation associated with hemorrhoids. Unripe grapes were eaten to relieve constipation and the discomfort of over-eating. Overly ripe grapes were used to address nausea and skin diseases such as smallpox. Dried grapes are better known as raisins, which naturally relieved constipation and liver problems. In Ayurvedic medicine, grapes are referred to as “Drakshaa Phalottamaa,” meaning that they are the most superior of all fruits, thus they are included in various Ayurvedic medications intended to treat memory loss, fatigue, depression, hypertension, diarrhea, indigestion, and bloating, among other health issues. Other approaches to alternative medicine also recommend the use of grapes and grape extracts to treat sore throats, to enhance the voice, to ease nausea, to soothe skin problems, and to boost libido with its aphrodisiac properties, to name a few ailments for which they are recommended. Eventually, grapevines were introduced to Europe, and in 1569 Emperor Maximilian II of Italy granted a musician the monopoly of pressing Grapeseed Oil to preserve his musical instruments. This early pressing process involved mixing grape seeds and water inside large vats and covering them for a few days, after which time they would be pounded every few days until they yielded a mash. A gentle heat was applied to the mash to separate the oils from the water. Grapevines were eventually introduced to North America, and grapes are now cultivated internationally, making them one of the most popular fruits in the world and resulting in the immense production of Grapeseed oil from a multitude of suppliers. In the 20th century, Grapeseed Oil began attracting the attention of scientists and gained popularity as an oil used in culinary preparations, but it continues to be used in cosmetics, soaps, and medicinal applications. *NDA Carrier Oils are not intended for internal use or consumption.


BENEFITS OF USING GRAPESEED OIL

The main chemical constituents of Grapeseed Carrier Oil are: Linoleic Acid, Oleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Stearic Acid, Palmitoleic Acid, Vitamin E, and beta-Carotene.   LINOLEIC ACIDS (OMEGA 6) are known to:

  • Moisturize hair and promote its growth
  • Facilitate wound healing
  • Be an effective emulsifier in the formulation of soaps and quick-drying oils
  • Exhibit anti-inflammatory properties
  • Soothe acne and reduce chances of future outbreaks
  • Promote moisture retention in skin and hair
  • Make oils feel thinner in consistency when used in an oil blend, thus being beneficial for use on acne-prone skin

OLEIC ACIDS (OMEGA 9) are known to:

  • Maintain the softness, suppleness, and radiance of skin and hair
  • Stimulate the growth of thicker, longer, and stronger hair
  • Reduce the appearance of aging, such as premature wrinkles and fine lines
  • Eliminate dandruff and thereby support hair growth
  • Boost immunity
  • Exhibit anti-oxidant properties
  • Prevent joint inflammation, stiffness, and pain

PALMITIC ACID is known to:

  • Have emollient properties
  • Soften hair without leaving a greasy or sticky residue
  • Be the most common saturated fatty acid

STEARIC ACID is known to:

  • Have cleansing properties that purge dirt, sweat, and excess sebum from hair and skin
  • Be an ideal emulsifying agent that binds water and oil
  • Help products remain potent when stored for long periods of time
  • Condition and protect hair from damage without diminishing luster or making it feel heavy
  • Have exceptional cleansing properties
  • Soften skin

PALMITOLEIC ACID is known to:

  • Delay the appearance of premature aging
  • Moisturize and tighten the skin
  • Promote the growth of shiny hair
  • Enhance the brightness of the complexion
  • Boost the growth of healthy-looking nails
  • Enhance skin elasticity to prevent symptoms of premature aging, such as wrinkles

VITAMIN E is known to:

  • Have antioxidant properties that slow the look of aging and boost circulation
  • Repair scarred and blemished skin
  • Prevent moisture loss from skin and hair
  • Offer soothing relief to skin that has been burned
  • Deeply cleanse pores and balance oil production

BETA-CAROTENE is known to:

  • Exhibit antioxidant properties
  • Contribute a red-orange pigment to the oil’s color
  • Soothe acne and burns
  • Reduce the appearance of age spots
  • Tighten skin
  • Slow the look of aging

Used topically, Grapeseed Carrier Oil absorbs easily into the skin to deliver intense moisture without irritating skin, leaving an oily residue, or clogging pores. This makes it ideal for skin types that are oily, sensitive, and mature as well as skin afflicted with acne and eczema. It is commonly found in cosmetic products such as face creams, lip balms, and sunscreens, as its antiseptic and astringent properties help to repair skin. Rich in compounds that restore collagen, Grapeseed Carrier Oil slows the look of aging by smoothing and firming the skin, offering protection against sun damage, and reducing the appearance of blemishes, wrinkles, and stretch marks. Used as a skin toner, Grapeseed Oil cleanses while balancing oil production, thereby reducing future breakouts on acne-prone skin. Used in hair, Grapeseed Carrier Oil contributes to its softness and smoothness while promoting is growth. Its conditioning properties moisturize dry, frizzy, damaged, and brittle hair without leaving hair smelling unpleasant or feeling heavy and greasy. By eliminating dandruff, it strengthens hair and reduces hair loss, enhancing the growth of healthier and possibly longer hair. Used medicinally, Grapeseed Carrier Oil boosts circulation and reduces the appearance of varicose veins, spider veins, and cellulite. Used in a massage, it can soothe tired muscles, and its anti-inflammatory activity can relieve the pain and swelling associated with arthritis. Its Vitamin E content boosts immunity and improves numerous body systems as well as the body’s ability to heal wounds by eliminating harmful bacteria.   As illustrated, Grapeseed Carrier Oil is reputed to have many therapeutic properties. The following highlights its many benefits and the kinds of activity it is believed to show:

  • COSMETIC: Antioxidant, Emollient, Astringent, Antibacterial.
  • MEDICINAL: Cicatrisant, Diuretic, Tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Adaptogenic, Anti-allergic, Anti-histamine, Anti-dandruff, Stimulant, Antimicrobial, Aphrodisiac, Antiviral


CULTIVATING AND HARVESTING QUALITY GRAPESEED OIL

Grapevines can be found growing in most of North America, South America, Europe, the Balkans, Asia, Mediterranean and South Africa, South Australia, and New Zealand. They thrive in temperate climates with warm, dry summers and mild winters, as humidity and prolonged exposure to cold temperatures cause disease and death, respectively. Grapevines will not survive in tropical climates, as they must undergo the normal cycle of latency in the winter. Aside from these restrictions, Grapevines can adapt to a vast range of soil types from light sand to packed clay, as long as the soil has adequate drainage. The grapevine is a perennial, woody vine with stems that can grow up to 35 m long. It has a lobed leaf type with 4 or 5 lobes. Its thin, smooth leaves are circular or ovate in shape but jagged around the edges. Opposite to these leaves, flowers grow in abundant clusters. Its fruits are small berries that we know as grapes, which can grow in varying shapes including spherical and oblong shapes. Grape colors can also range from green to red to a deep violet. Each grape is made up of a Petiole, which is the thin stalk that connects the leaf to the stem of the vine and a thin, colored Skin that envelopes the inner Pulp, which is the main fruit that holds the juice. Each grape contains up to 4 seeds. Over 90% of grape production, including grapes grown for raisins, table use, and wine, is of the Vinifera variety. The pulp of this variety of grape, though not juicy, is consistently tender and its skin is firmly attached. Its seeds are easy to remove and it is high in acidity but low in sugar. Vinifera vines grow on strong, stout trunks that can bear heavy loads of ripe grapes, whereas other varieties have lean stalks that require the support of trellises. Grapevines could potentially grow from grape seeds, but the seeds do not develop precisely like either of the parents, due to variables in pollination. Thus, a Chardonnay grape, for example, would not necessarily grow into a Chardonnay vine. To illustrate, wine grapevines have hermaphroditic flowers – that is both male and female flowers, which is also referred to as having “perfect flowers” – but the blossoms of one grapevine could be pollinated with the pollen of a different vine with help from the wind or insects, and this pollen could potentially be of a different variety. Therefore, even if a grape can carry and share the hereditary material of each of its “parents” while also exerting its own properties, no grape seed will remain exactly like its original variety. There are two ways of propagating grapevines: Layering and Re-planting. Layering involves the use of the grapevine cane, which is a tender, year-old shoot that is fundamental to the spreading of the vine and to the formation of grape clusters as well as leaves for one season. At the one-year mark, the cane develops a bark and sheds all or most of its leaves. In the layering method, a section of the cane that is still attached to the mother vine is buried with the tip exposed. It eventually takes root over a season and can be separated to develop other plants. This method is commonly used by vineyardists to fill in any gaps in rows of vines afflicted by the disease. Re-planting or “transplanting” involves cutting the cane, rooting it, then uprooting it carefully to ensure that the roots are still as long as possible, and finally relocating it to another spot to be planted. Both of these methods indicate that almost all grapevines that are cultivated are duplicates of the contributing parent plant. The Vitis vinifera grapevine has been cultivated with carefully selected traits such as resistance to disease, ripening time (early or late), vigor, fruit-bearing capacity, berry size, skin color and thickness, and cluster size, making it highly bred over the centuries. Grapes are most commonly harvested by hand.


HOW IS GRAPESEED OIL EXTRACTED?

After the fruit has been wet or dry processed, the seeds are quickly removed and dried to ensure a resulting oil that has a low acid value. The wet process involves running the wine pomace – the skins, pulp, seeds, and stems of the grape – through spinning cylinders with a 3mm screen to remove the grape pulp. The seeds are then dried in rotary driers before being cleaned and preserved. Alternatively, the dry process involves drying the grape pomace before extracting the seeds. Grapeseed Oil can be extracted through the Cold-pressing method or through Solvent Extraction. Cold-pressing involves first crushing the seeds in an expeller press to separate the seed oil from the seed extracts, which can be turned into wine or juice. After the oil has been completely extracted, it is set aside in a container and allowed to settle for 24 hours. This crude oil ranges in color from yellow to yellowish green and has a subtle characteristic scent. Cold-pressed Grapeseed Carrier oils retain their natural aroma and health benefits. For Refined Grapeseed Carrier Oil, it would next undergo a process of refinement that would neutralize the oil, bleach it with activated carbon and clay, and deodorize it. Cold-pressed Grapeseed Carrier oils are rare, due to the challenge of pressing the seeds without solvents. In the Solvent Extraction method, the grape seeds are introduced to food grade solvents that draw the oils out of the grape seeds, as the seeds alone yield a small amount of oil, thus requiring chemical assistance; however, this method often involves applying high pressure and subsequently high heat to the oil, which alters its molecular composition. To produce one 237 ml (8 fl. oz.) bottle of Grapeseed Oil, 1 ton of grapes is required. The finished oil is a light yellowish-green in color. Grapeseed Carrier Oil is known to have a light, nutty aroma with a hint of sweetness. It is thin in consistency and leaves a glossy finish on the skin.


USES OF GRAPESEED OIL

The uses of Grapeseed Carrier Oil Carrier Oil are abundant, ranging from medicinal to cosmetic. Its many forms include oils, gels, lotions, creams, soaps, shampoos, conditioners, and lip balms. Used topically, Grapeseed Oil softens and repairs the skin while effectively reducing the appearance of scars and blemishes. To soothe acne and sunburns, simply pour a few drops of the oil onto the palms, rub them together, and massage it into the affected skin in an upward direction until it is fully absorbed. A few drops of Grapeseed Carrier Oil can be massaged into the skin after shaving, as its astringent and antiseptic qualities help to nourish, tighten, and repair skin. It can be added to cosmetic products such as lip balms, creams, moisturizers, sunblocks, and lotions to delay the appearance of aging skin with its antioxidant properties. Grapeseed Oil makes an effective makeup remover, especially for eye makeup. To cleanse the makeup such as eyeliner, eyeshadow, and mascara, pour a few drops of the oil onto a cotton bud and gently wipe it across the eyelids and lashes. Used in a massage, Grapeseed Oil’s light consistency makes it easily absorbed by the skin. It works to reduce the appearance of age spots, wrinkles, saggy skin, and stretch marks. It is recommended for soothing stiffness in muscles and skin affected by sunburns. It relieves discomfort associated with rheumatoid arthritis and high blood pressure. To tighten and tone the skin, blend 5 drops of Grapeseed Carrier Oil with 1 drop of Bergamot Oil and 1 drop of Lavender Oil before applying it in a massage. Skin will feel not only moisturized, but also rejuvenated and nourished. Used in hair, Grapeseed Carrier Oil treats scalp dryness and itchiness. To eliminate dandruff and frizz while reducing hair loss, mix 10 drops of Grapeseed Carrier Oil with 2 drops of Lime Essential Oil and gently massage it into the scalp to condition the hair and enhance its softness and smoothness. Alternatively, Grapeseed Oil can be used on its own by coating the hair with it and leaving it on for 10 minutes before rinsing it out with cold water. Regular application of the oil will leave hair looking and feeling healthier. Used medicinally, Grapeseed Oil facilitates the healing of dermal wounds by reducing inflammation, boosting circulation, and expelling toxins. It also reduces water retention by promoting urination and sweating. To soothe the look and feel of bruised skin and to support recovery from an injury or surgery, blend 10 drops of Grapeseed oil with 2 drops of Petitgrain oil and massage it into the affected areas. Grapeseed Carrier Oil is believed to support and improve cognitive function, enhance memory, and prevent memory loss. For a cognition-enhancing head massage, blend 90 ml (3 fl. oz.) of Grapeseed Oil with 7 drops of Rosemary Oil before gently massaging it into the scalp.


A GUIDE TO GRAPESEED OIL VARIETIES & THEIR BENEFITS

GRAPESEED VARIETY & BOTANICAL NAME COUNTRY OF ORIGIN BENEFITS OF OIL
Grapeseed Carrier Oil Vitis vinifera Found in:

  • Chile
Known for:

  • being heavily used in skin care formulations such as creams and lotions, and in aromatherapy
  • being a preferred carrier oil for many massage therapists, because of its light, satin-like finish
  • having skin toning and non-comedogenic characteristics, making it ideal for use on oily or acne-prone skin
  • being odorless
  • having a thin consistency
  • absorbing easily into the skin
Grapeseed Organic Carrier Oil Vitis vinifera Found in:

  • Chile
Known for:

  • having a sweet, balsamic aroma reminiscent of aged wine
  • being an important source of antioxidants and nutrients, thereby helping to protect skin against the abuse of environmental elements
  • having a high level of Omega-6 fatty acids, which are known to nourish and improve the texture of the skin
  • being rapidly absorbed by the skin, which makes it a good massage oil
  • being light in consistency
  • being ideal for use  in cosmetic formulations that tighten and tone the skin
  • containing campesterol, beta-sitosterol, and stigmasterol, all of which help protect the skin’s moisture barrier and relieve itching due to dry skin
  • having a high Linoleic Acid content, which provides moisturizing benefits and prevents water loss
  • being a great choice for any skin care formulation meant for dull and stressed skin
  • addressing many foot problems such as itching, scaly flaking, and odor


CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR GRAPESEED OIL

As with all other New Directions Aromatics products, carrier oils are for external use only. Grapeseed Carrier Oil should not be ingested, and should not be used on or near children, in case of accidental ingestion. As with all other oils, a patch test should be conducted on the inner arm using a dime size amount of Grapeseed Oil to check for sensitivities. An absence of an allergic response within 48 hours indicates that the oil is safe to use. Individuals with allergies to grapes are at a higher risk of developing an allergy to Grapeseed Carrier Oil and should avoid its use. Potentially severe side effects of using Grapeseed Carrier Oil may include itchiness, rashes, hives, swelling of the face and mouth, sore throat, difficulty in breathing, headaches, tightness in the chest, elevated blood pressure, and dizziness. In the event of an allergic reaction, discontinue use of the product and see a doctor, pharmacist, or allergist immediately for a health assessment and appropriate remedial action. Individuals taking blood thinners or medication to lower cholesterol or blood pressure may experience a drug interaction that could possibly involve experiencing nausea and diarrhea due to its laxative properties. Furthermore, using Grapeseed Carrier Oil while on blood thinners may increase the change of bleeding complications. To prevent these side effects, consult with a medical professional prior to use. disadur: https://www.newdirectionsaromatics.com/blog/products/all-about-grapeseed-carrier-oils.html


Can You Use Grapeseed Oil for Acne Spots and Scars?

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What is grapeseed oil?

Grapeseed oil comes from the seeds that are expelled from grapes during the winemaking process. The seeds are cold-pressed to produce an oil that’s known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Some people believe that grapeseed oil can be used to treat acne and keep skin glowing. Although the oil does have some unique properties that make it good for your skin, it may not be the most effective treatment option for all acne-related blemishes. Read on to learn how grapeseed oil works, which types of acne may benefit from it, and how to add it to your skin care routine.

How does it work?

When used as a topical treatment, grapeseed oil can help promote healthy skin on a cellular level. That’s because grapeseed oil contains vitamin E, beta-carotene, and linoleic acid. These nutrients give the oil antioxidantTrusted Source and antiproliferative properties, helping healthy cells to regenerate and replace aging or damaged cells. The ability of vitamin E, in particular, to help even skin tone and heal blemishes has been acknowledged by researchers. Natural oilsTrusted Source that contain high levels of certain fatty acids — like grapeseed — have also been linked to wound healing. Grapeseed oil may even help fight offTrusted Source acne-causing bacteria.

What types of acne does it work for?

Grapeseed oil might not work the same way for every skin type. How it affects the skin can vary from person to person and even from breakout to breakout.

Active breakouts

If you’re dealing with papules and pustules — the red “zits” that can form on the surface of your skin — grapeseed oil may help clear your breakout. In addition to reducing redness and inflammation, the oil may promote cell regeneration to help replace damaged skin. It isn’t considered to be as effective for blemishes that are primarily below the skin, such as:

Acne scars

You can also use grapeseed oil to help reduce the appearance of acne scarring. Grapeseed oil is rich in vitamin E, which has been shown to help with scars. Some research suggests that you may see results in as little as two weeks if you apply the oil twice a day. It’s also worth noting that the linoleic acid that’s in grapeseed oil may help speed wounds through the inflammatory phase. This could reduce your risk of scarring.

Overall acne prevention

If you’re prone to breakouts or just want to improve your skin tone, consider grapeseed oil as a first line of defense to keep skin clear. If your skin has unbalanced oil production — meaning it gets saturated with oil in some areas and stays overly dry in others — grapeseed oil’s linoleic acid can mimic the sebum that your glands naturally produce. This can give your skin a more even, glowing appearance Older research suggests that decreased levels of linoleic acid can be a direct cause of acne inflammation. In theory, boosting your linoleic acid levels might help reduce your risk for inflammation.

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Is it safe for all skin types?

The linoleic acid in the oil can help balance the skin’s natural oil production, making it safe to use for all skin types. There’s no research to suggest that the oil can have a negative impact on any particular skin tone. If you’re unsure of whether grapeseed oil is compatible with your skin, talk to your dermatologist. They can answer any questions that you may have.

How to use grapeseed oil

You don’t need to dilute grapeseed oil with a carrier oil. But you do need to do a patch test before use to see how your skin reacts to the oil. To do this:

  1. Rub a dime-sized amount of oil into the inside of your forearm.
  2. Cover the area with a bandage.
  3. If you don’t experience any inflammation or irritation within 24 hours, it should be safe to apply elsewhere.
  4. If you do experience irritation, rinse the affected area with cold water and discontinue use.

Once you know that you don’t have a grapeseed oil sensitivity, you can use pure grapeseed oil as a topical skin treatment. Many grapeseed oil fans recommend using it as a night serum — something you can apply to your face and neck area to improve skin tone while you sleep. But there’s no reason you can’t use grapeseed oil in the morning too. Three to four drops of oil should be enough to cover your entire face. Rub the oil together using the palms of your hands, then apply it to your cheeks, neck, jawbone, forehead, and the area under your eyes, using the upward motion of your palms. If you need more coverage, add one to two more drops. Some researchTrusted Source suggests that resveratrol, an antioxidant found in grapeseed oil, can help protect skin from UVB rays. But that doesn’t mean that you can skip on a daily SPF — you still need to protect your skin from UVA and other broad-spectrum rays. Make sure you apply sunscreen in the morning and reapply it as needed throughout the day.

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Possible side effects and risks

If you’re using grapeseed oil topically, your risk of side effects is minimal. But if you have allergies to certain food products, you may want to check with your doctor or dermatologist before use. Grapeseed oil and extracts could cause an allergic reaction. Symptoms include:

You should seek immediate medical attention if you have difficulty breathing, facial swelling, or heart palpitations. Ingesting grapeseed oil hasn’t been shown to affect acne in any way. Ingested grapeseed oil can interact with certain drugs, including blood thinners like warfarin (Coumadin).

Products to try

How often you use grapeseed oil depends on which products you use. You can purchase pure grapeseed oil, or you can select products that contain grapeseed oil and a mix of other ingredients. Always do a patch test on an area of skin as described above before trying a full application of a new product for your skin. Pure grapeseed oil should be cold-pressed for best results. The antioxidants in grapeseed oil can become less effective depending on how the oil is processed. NOW Solutions Grapeseed Oil is a place to start if you want to purchase pure grapeseed oil. You can also try using the oil as a spot treatment at the site of breakouts. If you like to use skin masks, consider trying Shea Moisture’s Kukui Nut and Grapeseed Oil Mud Mask to gently clarify and improve skin tone. To get grapeseed oil’s benefits over your entire body, look for a massage oil like Majestic Pure Cosmeceuticals Anti-Cellulite Treatment Massage Oil. Massage oils typically blend grapeseed oil with other skin-refreshing essential oils.

The bottom line

Grapeseed oil is generally considered a safe and potentially effective alternative treatment for acne. Your individual success will depend on the type of acne that you’re dealing with. It can also vary from breakout to breakout. If you aren’t seeing results after three months of use, visit your dermatologist. They may be able to recommend other alternative remedies or traditional treatment options better suited for your skin care goals.

Types of Acne and How to Treat Them

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Acne types

You may hear the term “breakout” used to describe all forms of acne, but this isn’t always an accurate description. Not all types of acne spread across the skin. Clogged pores cause acne itself. These may be attributed to:

  • excess production of oil (sebum)
  • bacteria
  • hormones
  • dead skin cells
  • ingrown hairs

Acne is usually associated with hormonal fluctuations experienced during your teenage years, but adults can experience acne, too. About 17 million Americans have acne, making it one of the most common skin conditions among both children and adults. Identifying which type of acne you’re experiencing is key to successful treatment. Acne may be noninflammatory or inflammatory. Subtypes of acne within these two categories include:

  • blackheads
  • whiteheads
  • papules
  • pustules
  • nodules
  • cysts

It’s possible to have multiple types of acne at once — some cases may even be severe enough to warrant a visit to the dermatologist. Read on to learn more about the subtypes of acne and how you can treat them.

Acne pictures

Types of Acne

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Noninflammatory acne

Noninflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. These normally don’t cause swelling. They also respond relatively well to over-the-counter (OTC) treatments. Salicylic acid is often marketed for acne in general, but it usually works best on noninflammatory acne. It naturally exfoliates the skin, removing dead skin cells that can lead to blackheads and whiteheads. Look for it in cleansers, toners, and moisturizers. Shop for products containing salicylic acid.

Blackheads (open comedones)

Blackheads occur when a pore is clogged by a combination of sebum and dead skin cells. The top of the pore stays open, despite the rest of it being clogged. This results in the characteristic black color seen on the surface. Check out: What are the best essential oils for acne? »

Whiteheads (closed comedones)

Whiteheads can also form when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. But unlike with blackheads, the top of the pore closes up. It looks like a small bump protruding from the skin. Whiteheads are more difficult to treat because the pores are already closed. Products containing salicylic acid can be helpful. Topical retinoids give the best results for comedonal acne. Currently, adapalene (Differin) is available over the counter as a retinoid. If it does not work for you, stronger topical retinoids are available by prescription from your dermatologist. Shop for topical retinoids.Read more: Acne treatments »

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Inflammatory acne

Pimples that are red and swollen are referred to as inflammatory acne. Although sebum and dead skin cells contribute to inflammatory acne, bacteria can also play a role in clogging up pores. Bacteria can cause an infection deep beneath the skin’s surface. This may result in painful acne spots that are hard to get rid of. Products containing benzoyl-peroxide may help reduce swelling and get rid of bacteria within the skin. These can also remove excess sebum. Your doctor may prescribe either an oral or topical antibiotic along with the benzoyl-peroxide to treat your inflammatory acne. Topical retionoids are also an important part of combatting inflammatory papules and pustules. Shop for products containing benzoyl-peroxide.

Papules

Papules occur when the walls surrounding your pores break down from severe inflammation. This results in hard, clogged pores that are tender to the touch. The skin around these pores is usually pink.

Pustules

Pustules can also form when the walls around your pores break down. Unlike papules, pustules are filled with pus. These bumps come out from the skin and are usually red in color. They often have yellow or white heads on top.

Nodules

Nodules occur when clogged, swollen pores endure further irritation and grow larger. Unlike pustules and papules, nodules are deeper underneath the skin. Because nodules are so deep within the skin, you can’t typically treat them at home. Prescription medication is necessary to help clear these up. Your doctor or dermatologist will likely prescribe the oral medication isotretinoin (Sotret). This is made from a form of vitamin A and is taken daily for four to six months. It can treat and prevent nodules by decreasing oil gland size within the pores.

Cysts

Cysts can develop when pores are clogged by a combination of bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells. The clogs occur deep within the skin and are further below the surface than nodules. These large red or white bumps are often painful to the touch. Cysts are the largest form of acne, and their formation usually results from a severe infection. This type of acne is also the most likely to scar. The prescription medication isotretinoin (Sotret) is commonly used to treat cysts. In severe cases, your dermatologist may surgically remove a cyst.

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How severe is each type of acne?

Blackheads and whiteheads are the mildest forms of acne. These can sometimes be cleared up with OTC topical medications, such as salicylic acid-based toners or benzoyl-peroxide spot treatments. If they don’t respond to OTC medications, comedones are easily treated with topical retinoids. There is even one type of retinoid, known as adapalene, which is now available over the counter. It’s very effective in clearing blackheads and whiteheads. Pustules and papules are more moderate forms of acne. These may or may not clear up with OTC meds. Widespread moderate acne may require an oral or topical prescription from a dermatologist. Nodules and cysts are the most severe form of acne. You have to see a dermatologist to clear up severe acne. Picking or popping nodules and cysts can lead to scars. Check out: Can honey and cinnamon treat acne? »

What you can do now

It’s important to be patient with your acne treatment. While some treatments may work immediately, you may not see widespread improvement for several months You should also use caution in using too many acne products at once — this can cause dry skin. In response, your pores can create more sebum, then leading to more acne issues. You should also confirm whether any bumps or swelling are actually the result of acne. There are several skin conditions that cause symptoms similar to those with acne, though they are something entirely different. These include:

Seeing a dermatologist is the only way you can receive a full and accurate diagnosis. In some cases, expert treatment may be the only way to fully clear and control your acne. Shop for OTC acne treatments.Keep reading: A guide to taking care of your skin »

A Guide to Taking Care of Your Skin

Your skin type matters

You may suspect you have dry, oily, or sensitive skin, but do you really know your skin type? Knowing your true skin type can help the next time you’re in the cosmetics aisle. In fact, using the wrong products — or even popularized Internet hacks — for your skin type could worsen acne, dryness, or other skin problems. Read on to learn:

  • how to build your own skin care routine
  • how to treat specific skin concerns like acne or scars
  • which DIY skin hacks aren’t healthy, even if they seem to work
Building a daily skin care routine

No matter what your skin type is, a daily skin care routine can help you maintain overall skin health and improve specific concerns like acne, scarring, and dark spots. A daily skin care routine has four basic steps you can do once in the morning and once before you sleep.

1. Cleansing: Choose a cleanser that doesn’t leave your skin tight after washing. Clean your face no more than twice a day, or just once, if you have dry skin and don’t wear makeup. Avoid washing for that squeaky-clean feeling because that means your skin’s natural oils are gone.  2. Serums: A serum with vitamin C or growth factors or peptides would be better in the morning, under sunscreen. At night, retinol or prescription retinoids work best.  3. Moisturizer: Even oily skin needs moisturizer, but use one that is lightweight, gel-based, and non-comedogenic, or doesn’t block your pores. Dry skin may benefit from more cream-based moisturizers. Most brands will label their products as gel or cream on their packaging. 4. Sunscreen: Apply sunscreen with at least 30 SPF 15 minutes before heading outdoors, as it takes a while for sunscreen to activate. Darker skin tones actually need more sun protection because hyperpigmentation is harder to correct. Try EltaMD’s sunscreen, which offers broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection and is recommended by the Skin Cancer Foundation. Choose products that fit your skin type and sensitivity, and remember to read the labels. Some products, such as retinol or prescription retinoids, should only be applied at night.

For all skin types

  • Stay hydrated.
  • Change pillow cases at least once a week.
  • Wash or wrap up hair before bed.
  • Wear sunscreen every day and apply 15 minutes before going out.
Healthline

Start with a basic and simple routine to see how your skin reacts. Once you’re comfortable, you can then add extra products such as exfoliants, masks, and spot treatments to boost your skin’s health. And don’t forget to patch test new products, especially if you suspect you have sensitive skin. This can help you identify potential allergic reactions. To patch test a new product:

  1. Apply a small amount of product on your skin in a discreet area, such as the inside of your wrist or your inner arm.
  2. Wait 48 hours to see if there’s a reaction.
  3. Check the area at 96 hours after application to see if you have a delayed reaction.

An allergic reaction may include irritation, redness, small bumps, or itchiness. If you notice these symptoms, wash the area you tested with water and a gentle cleanser. Then return the product and try another that better suits your skin type.

DIY hacks to avoid (even if everyone does it)

People report wonders from using DIY hacks like lemon juice and toothpaste for common skin problems like acne bumps and dark spots. Even award-winning actress Emma Stone claims her skin care secret is baking soda. But the truth is these hacks may cause more long-term harm than benefit because they can damage your skin’s barrier.

Avoid these DIY hacks

  • Lemon juice: It may have citric acidic, but it’s far too acidic and can cause dark spots to appear after sun exposure. It can also dry and irritate your skin.
  • Baking soda: At a pH level of 8, baking soda will stress your skin, significantly decreaseTrusted Source your skin’s water content, and cause dry skin.
  • Garlic: In raw form, garlic can cause skin allergies, eczema, skin inflammation, and watery blisters.
  • Toothpaste: The ingredients in toothpaste may kill germs and absorb oil, but they can also dry out or irritate your skin.
  • Sugar: As an exfoliant, sugar is too harsh for the skin on your face.
  • Vitamin E: Topical application of vitamin E can irritate your skin and is not proven to improve scar appearance.
Healthline

Some of these ingredients may be all natural and cost-effective, but they aren’t formulated for your skin. Even if you don’t feel immediate side effects, these ingredients can cause delayed or long-term damage. It’s best to use products formulated for your face. Talk to your doctor or dermatologist before trying DIY applications on your skin.

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How to treat skin problems

There are ways to tackle skin problems without damaging your skin. Just remember the number one rule of skin care: Don’t pick! Picking at acne, blackheads, scabs, or other skin problems can cause open wounds or darker skin spots known as hyperpigmentation. Open wounds can lead to infections, more acne, or scars. The deeper the wound, the more likely your skin will scar. Here are some scientifically backed ways to treat problem areas.

Acne

Acne treatment depends on how deep or serious your acne is. Overall skin care is the most important step in treating acne, but for mild acne you can use nonprescription products from your local drugstore such as:

Always apply sunscreen after using these products in the morning, since they can cause extra skin sensitivity.

For immediate, inflamed, and individual pimples, you can also try acne patches or stickers. These are clear, thick patches that work as spot treatments to help promote blemish healing and prevent infections. Like blister bandages, acne patches pull out the fluid, sometimes overnight. It’s best to use these before you sleep as makeup can’t cover them.

Sebaceous filaments

Sebaceous filaments are tiny, cylinder-like tubes in your pores that are whitish yellow. These are often confused with blackheads, but blackheads are actually a type of acne that’s oxidized. Sebaceous filaments can make your pores look bigger, and you may be tempted to remove them by pinching your skin or using pore strips. But these methods may have more side effects than benefits for your skin, especially if you don’t do them properly. Overtime, you can also cause:

  • irritation
  • open pores and infection
  • dryness
  • redness
  • peeling

Topical preparations containing retinol or retinoids can help keep pores clear and clean. You may also find benefits from massaging your face with mineral or castor oil for one minute. Another way of removing sebaceous filaments is with an extraction tool. This is a small metal instrument with a tiny circle at the end.

The safest method is to have an esthetician or dermatologist remove them for you, but you can also do this at home:

  1. Start with a clean face and instrument.
  2. Gently press the circle around the bump to see if the filament comes out. Be careful as excessive pressure can cause bruising and scarring.
  3. Treat the area with toner and moisturizer after.
  4. Always sanitize your instrument with rubbing alcohol before and after use to prevention infections.

You may also see extra benefits by applying benzoyl peroxide after washing before extraction.

Blemishes, scars, and hyperpigmentation

Blemishes, scars, and dark spots can take anywhere from a few weeks to six months to heal and fade. Immediate treatment for scars and blemishes include using makeup and sunscreen to avoid further sun damage and hyperpigmentation. Other ingredients known to help fade scars include: Silicone: Studies show that topical silicone can improve scar thickness, color, and texture. You can apply silicone gel for eight to 24 hours per day. Look for products with silicone dioxide listed as an ingredient. Honey: Preliminary studies show that honey can heal wounds and scars. You may want to use honey if you’re looking for home treatment. Vitamin C: Look for this ingredient when shopping for creams and moisturizers. Vitamin C works better when combined with other lightening ingredients like soy and licorice. Niacinamide: Studies showTrusted Source that niacinamide can help reduce blemishes and dark spots, especially from acne. Topical two percent to five percent niacinamide is effective for people with lighter skin tones.  Retinoic acid: One studyTrusted Source found that acne scars improved in 91.4 percent of people who applied a combination of retinoic acid and glycolic acid.  Use products with this ingredient only at night. Look for products with these ingredients and add them to your routine after washing your face. Don’t forget to always wear sunscreen after application to avoid sun damage and hyperpigmentation.

How to test your skin type at home

If you aren’t sure about your results from the quiz, you can also do a physical test to check your skin type. A home test measures sebum production. Sebum is a waxy, oily liquid that comes from your pores. The amount of sebum your skin produces can determine if your skin is:

  • dry
  • oily
  • normal
  • combination

Testing sebum production on a clean face is the most accurate way to determine what kind of skin you have. Follow these steps:

  1. Wash your face and pat it dry. Wait 30 minutes.
  2. Gently press oil blotting paper or tissue on your face. Press the paper on different areas of your skin, such as your forehead and nose, cheeks, and chin.
  3. Hold the sheet to the light to see how transparent the paper is.
Test results Skin type
No transparency, but with flakes or tight skin dry
Soaked through oily
Different levels of absorption on different areas of the face combination
Not too oily and no flaky skin normal

Along with the above skin types, you can also have sensitive skin, which doesn’t follow the sebum criteria. Sensitive skin depends on:

  • how fast your skin reacts to product application
  • how well your skin protects itself
  • how easily your skin turns red
  • likelihood of skin allergy
When to see a doctor or dermatologist

You should see a dermatologist if your skin problems don’t go away with over-the-counter products. More severe acne, scarring, or other problems may need prescription treatment such as oral antibiotics, birth control, or topical prescription retinoids. Your dermatologist may perform an extraction for deeper cysts or acne spots that are stuck underneath your skin. Remember that your skin type can affect how products work. Using the wrong product, even when natural, can cause breakouts, worsen blemishes, or cause redness. It’s best to find out what skin type you have and build your skin care routine around that. You can also take notes on product ingredients to see if specific ingredients are causing unwanted skin reactions. disadur : https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/grapeseed-oil-for-acne


Rekomendasi Grapeseed Oil dari Brand Lokal yang Ampuh Mengatasi Berbagai Permasalahan Kulit

Grapeseed oil merupakan salah satu jenis minyak yang tengah digemari para pecinta skin care. Banyaknya kandungan baik pada minyak alami ini menjadikan grapeseed oil kaya manfaat, mulai dari mengatasi beragam permasalahan kulit, bahkan hingga rambut. Di antara Anda, apakah sudah ada yang sempat mencoba keampuhan dari minyak yang berasal dari biji anggur ini? Kalau belum dan tertarik mencoba, Anda bisa menjajal rekomendasi grapeseed oil berikut. Meski rata-rata harganya cukup terjangkau, namun seluruh produk yang berasal dari brand lokal ini punya kualitas yang tak kalah dengan produk buatan luar negeri, lho!

Purivera Botanical

Kaya akan linoleic acidgrapeseed oil dari Purivera Botanicals ini dapat menjadi solusi bagi Anda yang ingin mencegah dan menyembuhkan jerawat. Produk ini diperoleh melalui metode cold-pressed, yang merupakan metode terbaik untuk mendapatkan oil. Bahan yang digunakan pada grapeseed oil dari Purivera Botanicals juga dibuat dari bahan baku food grade sehingga lebih aman dan 100% alami. disadur: https://journal.sociolla.com/beauty/rekomendasi-grapeseed-oil-lokal


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