Minyak Evening Primrose / Evening Primrose Oil

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Manfaat Evening Primerose Oil yang Perlu Anda Tahu

Evening Primrose Oil (EPO), bahan alami yang satu ini memiliki beragam khasiat baik bagi wanita. Tidak hanya mampu mencegah kerutan serta jerawat, EPO juga memiliki tingkat comedogenic rendah di angka 2, yang berarti minyak ini aman digunakan untuk Anda yang memiliki kulit acne prone. Kira-kira apa saja manfaat lain dari tumbuhan yang memiliki keharuman khas ini? Simak penjelasannya di bawah ini.

Mengurangi Sakit PMS

Manfaat Evening Primerose Oil yang Perlu Anda TahuSering mengalami nyeri di perut akibat PMS? Anda bisa memanfaatkan EPO sebagai pereda rasa nyeri. Kandungan GLA dalam EPO mampu menyeimbangkan masalah hormon yang menyebabkan rasa sakit saat menstruasi. Caranya cukup konsumsi suplemen EPO sebanyak 1.500 miligram pada hari pertama menstruasi Anda.

Menurunkan Berat Badan

Manfaat Evening Primerose Oil yang Perlu Anda TahuEPO mengandung asam linoleat yang dapat membantu tubuh membakar lemak berlebih dengan cepat. Namun tetap harus diperhatikan, dalam proses menurunkan berat badan mengonsumsi suplemen saja tidak cukup, Anda juga perlu melakukan olahraga dan mengatur makanan yang dikonsumsi agar hasilnya jadi lebih maksimal.

Menutrisi Kulit Kepala dan Rambut

Manfaat Evening Primerose Oil yang Perlu Anda TahuSering bermasalah dengan rambut rontok? Kini Anda tidak perlu khawatir lagi, EPO memiliki kemampuan untuk memperbaiki kondisi rambut berkat kandungan Omega 6. Anda bisa mengonsumsi EPO 500 miligram dua kali sehari, dan lihat perubahan pada rambut dalam 6 – 8 minggu. Atau Anda juga bisa memanfaatkan EPO secara topikal dengan mengaplikasikannya ke kulit kepala atau mencampurnya dengan sampo kesayangan Anda. Keampuhan mengenai EPO dalam mengatasi rambut rontok juga sudah dibuktikan secara nyata melalui uji tes yang dilakukan University of Maryland Medical Center.

Menutrisi Kuku

Manfaat Evening Primerose Oil yang Perlu Anda Tahu

Kandungan asam linoleat yang ada pada EPO memang memiliki manfaat luar biasa bagi tubuh, tidak hanya rambut, kuku Anda juga bisa tampil lebih cantik dan sehat jika rutin merawatkan dengan memanfaatkan EPO. Gunakan secara topikal pada area kuku untuk dapatkan tampilan warna kuku yang berkilau dan sehat.

Mengatasi Eczema dan Berbagai Penyakit Kulit

Manfaat Evening Primerose Oil yang Perlu Anda TahuAnda yang memiliki masalah dengan kulit seperti eczema maupun psoriasis tentu memiliki PR tersendiri dalam menentukan produk perawatan tubuh. Nah EPO merupakan salah satu produk yang jadi incaran untuk bantu atasi berbagai penyakit kulit. Bahkan keampuhan EPO sudah dibuktikan secara medis, lho. Melalui International Journal of Cosmetic Science disebutkan bahwa EPO mampu memperbaiki struktur dan fungsi sel kulit jadi lebih sehat, serta meredakan infalamsi pada kulit.

disadur:https://journal.sociolla.com/beauty/manfaat-evening-primerose-oil


10 Benefits of Evening Primrose Oil and How to Use It

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What is it?

Evening primrose oil (EPO) is made from the seeds of the flowers of a plant native to North America. The plant has traditionally been used to treat:

  • bruises
  • hemorrhoids
  • digestive problems
  • sore throats

Its healing benefits may be due to its gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) content. GLA is an omega-6 fatty acid found in plant oils.

EPO is generally taken as a supplement or applied topically. Read on to learn how EPO may help treat many common health conditions today.

Ready to give it a try? Find EPO here.

1. It can help clear up acne

The GLA in EPO is thought to help acne by reducing skin inflammation and the number of skin cells that cause lesions. It may also help the skin retain moisture.

According to a 2014 studyTrusted Source, EPO may help relieve cheilitis. This condition causes inflammation and pain in the lips caused by the acne drug isotretinoin (Accutane).

separate study found that GLA supplementation reduced both inflammatory and noninflammatory acne lesions.

How to use: Participants in the cheilitis study received six 450-milligram (mg) capsules of EPO three times daily for a total of eight weeks.

2. It may help ease eczema

Some countries other than the United States have approved EPO to treat eczema, an inflammatory skin condition.

According to an older study, the GLA in EPO may improve the skin’s epidermis. However, a 2013 systematic review concluded that oral EPO doesn’t improve eczema and isn’t an effective treatment. The review didn’t look at the effectiveness of topical EPO for eczema.

How to use: In studies, one to four EPO capsules were taken twice daily for 12 weeks. To use topically, you can apply 1 milliliter (mL) of 20 percent EPO to the skin twice daily for up to four months.

3. It can help improve overall skin health

According to a 2005 study, oral supplementation of EPO helps smooth skin and improve its:

  • elasticity
  • moisture
  • firmness
  • fatigue resistance

Per the study, GLA is necessary for ideal skin structure and function. Because the skin can’t produce GLA on its own, researchers believe taking GLA-rich EPO helps keep skin healthy overall.

How to use: Take 500-mg EPO capsules three times daily for up to 12 weeks.

4. It may help relieve PMS symptoms

An older studyTrusted Source suggests EPO is highly effective in treating premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms, such as:

Researchers believe some women experience PMS because they’re sensitive to normal prolactin levels in the body. GLA converts to a substance in the body (prostaglandin E1) thought to help prevent prolactin from triggering PMS.

According to a 2010 studyTrusted Source, a supplement containing vitamin B-6, vitamin E, and EPO was effective in relieving PMS. Even so, it’s unclear how much EPO played a role, since a 2009 systematic reviewTrusted Source didn’t find EPO helpful for PMS.

How to use: For PMS, take 6 to 12 capsules (500 mg to 6,000 mg) one to four times daily for up to 10 months. Start with the smallest dose possible, and increase as needed to relieve symptoms.

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5. It can help minimize breast pain

If you experience breast pain so severe during your period that it interferes with your life, taking EPO may help.

According to a 2010 study, the GLA in EPO is thought to reduce inflammation and help inhibit prostaglandins that cause cyclical breast pain. The study found that taking daily doses of EPO or EPO and vitamin E for six months decreased the severity of cyclical breast pain.

How to use: Take 1 to 3 grams (g) or 2.4 mL of EPO daily for six months. You can also take 1,200 mg of vitamin E for 6 months.

6. It may help reduce hot flashes

EPO may reduce the severity of hot flashes, one of the most uncomfortable side effects of menopause.

According to a 2010 literature review, there’s not enough evidence that over-the-counter remedies such as EPO help hot flashes.

later study, however, came to a different conclusion. The study found that women who took 500 mg daily of EPO for six weeks experienced less frequent, less severe, and shorter hot flashes.

Women also had improved marks for social activity, relations with others, and sexuality on a questionnaire on how hot flashes impact daily life.

How to use: Take 500 mg of EPO twice daily for six weeks.

7. It may help reduce high blood pressure

There’s conflicting evidence about whether EPO lowers blood pressure. More research is needed.

According to a 2013 studyTrusted Source, those taking EPO had a slightly higher systolic blood pressure. Researchers called the reduction “a clinically meaningful difference.”

2011 systemic reviewTrusted Source concluded there’s not enough evidence to determine if EPO helps reduce the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy or preeclampsia, a condition that causes dangerously high blood pressure during and after pregnancy.

How to use: Take a standard dose of 500 mg of EPO twice daily under your doctor’s supervision. Don’t take with other supplements or medications that may lower your blood pressure.

8. It may help improve heart health

Heart disease kills more than 600,000 peopleTrusted Source in the United States each year. Hundreds of thousands more are living with the condition. Some people are turning to natural remedies, such as EPO, to help.

According to a 2014 studyTrusted Source on rats, EPO is anti-inflammatory and helps reduce blood cholesterol. Most people with heart disease have inflammation in the body, although it hasn’t been proven that inflammation causes heart disease.

How to use: Under a doctor’s supervision, take 10 to 30 mL of EPO for four months for overall heart health. Use with caution if you take other medications that affect the heart.

9. It can help reduce nerve pain

Peripheral neuropathy is a common side effect of diabetes and other conditions. Older research has shown that taking linolenic acid helps reduce neuropathy symptoms, such as:

  • hot and cold sensitivity
  • numbness
  • tingling
  • weakness

How to use: Take EPO capsules containing 360 to 480 mg GLA daily for up to one year.

10. It may help ease bone pain

Bone pain is often caused by rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory disorder. According to a 2011 systematic review, the GLA in EPO has the potential to reduce rheumatoid arthritis pain without causing unwanted side effects.

How to use: Take 560 to 6,000 mg of EPO daily for 3 to 12 months.

Side effects and risks

EPO is generally considered safe for most people to use short term. The safety of long-term use hasn’t been determined.

Keep in mind supplements aren’t monitored for quality by the Food and Drug Administration. When choosing EPO, research the supplement as well as the company selling the product.

Side effects of EPO are usually mild and may include:

  • upset stomach
  • stomach pain
  • headache
  • soft stools

Taking the least amount possible may help prevent side effects.

In rare cases, EPO may cause an allergic reaction. Some symptoms of allergic reaction are:

  • inflammation of the hands and feet
  • rash
  • difficulty breathing
  • wheezing

If you take blood thinners, EPO may increase bleeding. EPO may lower blood pressure, so don’t take it if you take medications that lower blood pressure or blood thinners.

Topical EPO is often used to help prepare the cervix for delivery. But according to the Mayo Clinic, a study reported taking EPO orally slowed dilation and was associated with longer labor. There’s not enough research on EPO to determine its safety for use during pregnancy or breastfeeding and can’t be recommended.

The bottom line

There’s evidence that EPO may benefit some conditions on its own or as a complementary therapy, but more research is needed. Until the verdict is clear, EPO shouldn’t be used in place of a treatment plan recommended by your doctor.

There’s no standardized dosing for EPO. Most dosage recommendations are based on what’s been used in research. Talk to your doctor to weigh the risks and benefits of taking EPO and get advice about the proper dosage for you.

To reduce your risks for side effects, always use the lowest dose possible. If you begin having unusual or persistent side effects, discontinue use and see your doctor.

disadur:https://www.healthline.com/health/evening-primrose-oil#takeaway


Health Benefits of Primrose Oil

Can this supplement treat PMS, eczema, and diabetes?

Evening primrose oil is extracted from the seeds of evening primrose (Oenothera biennis), a plant native to North America. It gets its name from its yellow blossoms, which bloom in the evening. The oil contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid that has both anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain-relieving) properties.

Alternative practitioners believe that evening primrose oil can aid in the treatment of numerous health conditions, including acne, diabetic neuropathy, eczema, osteoporosis, psoriasis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and rheumatoid arthritis.1

Evening primrose oil is not an essential oil commonly used for aromatherapy, and it is one that can be consumed orally.2 It may cause side effects if overused and can interact with certain medications, including blood thinners and nonsteroidal pain relievers.

Health Benefits

Evening primrose oil has been promoted as an effective treatment for a variety of ailments, including eczema and breast pain, since the 1930s.2 Many of these benefits are attributed to GLA, a fatty acid found in soybeans, walnuts, seeds, and vegetable oils (like rapeseed, canola, and linseed oil). Some the claims are better supported by research than others.

Menstrual Conditions

Evening primrose oil has long been used by women to treat hot flashes during menopause.3 Hot flashes are a form of flushing caused by reduced levels of the hormone estradiol.

Although the severity of hot flashes improved when compared to women provided a placebo, the duration and frequency of the episodes did not.

Evening primrose oil is also sometimes used to alleviate menstrual cramps and PMS.4 To date, there is no conclusive evidence to support these claims.

Eczema

In the 1980s, evening primrose oil was heavily touted as an effective treatment for eczema by Canadian entrepreneur David Horrobin (1939-2003). Despite a positive response from consumers, many of the claims have since been debunked in research.

Many of the same conclusions have been drawn when investigating the effectiveness of evening primrose oil in treating psoriasis or acne.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of autoimmune arthritis primarily affecting the joints. Some studies have suggested that GLA can reduce pain and improve function in people with mild to moderate rheumatoid arthritis.5 Most of the results to date have been modest at best, however.

The most promising results were seen in people who concurrently used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triggering a modest improvement in morning stiffness and joint articulation.

Osteoporosis

An increased intake of unsaturated fat is associated with a reduced risk of osteoporosis (bone mineral loss), especially in postmenopausal women. Primrose oil is made up almost entirely of unsaturated fat and is believed by some to counter the bone loss seen in women with osteoporosis.4

According to the research, women given primrose oil, fish oil, and calcium experienced an increase of femoral (thigh) bone density of 1.3 percent (versus a loss of 2.3 percent in the placebo group).6 While the bone density of the lumbar spine remained unchanged in primrose oil group, the placebo group experienced a decrease in bone density of 3.2 percent.

Diabetic Neuropathy

In 1993, evening primrose oil was first proposed as a possible treatment of diabetic neuropathy,7 an often debilitating nerve pain mainly affecting the feet and legs. Since then, there has been evidence to support some of these claims.

 

However promising, the conclusions were limited by the lack of a control (placebo) group to make an evaluative comparison. Still, the findings were significant enough to warrant further research.

Possible Side Effects

Like most supplements, there hasn’t been much research assessing the long-term safety of evening primrose oil. In some cases, primrose oil may cause side effects such as stomach upset, headache, nausea, and diarrhea.2 Most of the side effects are low-grade and resolve on their own once the treatment is stopped.

Evening primrose oil should be used cautiously if you have certain medical conditions. Among them:

  • Evening primrose oil may increase the risk of bleeding in people with bleeding disorders or those taking anticoagulants (“blood thinners”).
  • If you have upcoming surgery, you should stop taking evening primrose oil two weeks beforehand to prevent excessive bleeding.
  • Pregnant women should not take evening primrose oil, since it may increase the risk of miscarriage or induced labor.

Drug Interactions

Evening primrose oil can interact with a significant number of medications, either reducing the drug’s efficacy or triggering side effects.3 These include:

  • Anti-clotting drugs like Fragmin (dalteparin)
  • Anticoagulants like Coumadin (warfarin), heparin, Lovenox (enoxaparin), and Plavix (clopidogrel)
  • Antipsychotic drugs like Compazine (prochlorperazine), Mellaril (thioridazine), Permatil (fluphenazine), Stelazine (trifluoperazine), and Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, Advil (ibuprofen), Aleve (naproxen), and Voltaren (diclofenac)

Advise your doctor if you are taking evening primrose oil—or any supplement—to avoid drug interactions and potentially serious side effects.

Primrose oil soft gels
Verywell / Anastasia Tretiak

Dosage and Preparation

Since it is a dietary supplement, there are no universal guidelines directing the appropriate use of evening primrose oil. Generally speaking, a daily dose of 500 milligrams is considered safe in adults, although many can tolerate up to 1,300 milligrams a day without any side effects. Due to the lack of research, evening primrose should not be administered to children without first consulting a healthcare professional.

Evening primrose oil is available in many health food stores or pharmacies and is typically sold in gel cap form. Bottled primrose oil is also available but is more difficult to accurately dose.

What to Look For

Dietary supplements like evening primrose oil are not required to undergo the rigorous testing that pharmaceutical drugs do. Instead, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration imposes certain standards regarding the manufacture and labeling of the supplement. Even so, there is often considerable variation in the quality of supplements like evening primrose oil.

If you are strictly vegan or vegetarian, only choose brands labeled “vegetarian-safe” or “vegetarian soft gels.” Unless this is stated clearly on the label, the capsule may be made with animal-based gelatin (usually beef or pig).

 

Other Questions

How long does evening primrose oil last?

Evening primrose oil contains a high proportion of unsaturated fats, which are susceptible to oxidative deterioration. Because of this, the concentration of seed oil content, including GLA, tends to drop after three to four months even with refrigeration.

To extend the shelf life of the oil, keep it in its original container (typically blue to prevent sun exposure) and store it in the refrigerator. Although primrose oil can keep for up to six months in the refrigerator, for greatest efficacy, buy only as much as you can use within three months.

How can you tell if primrose oil has gone bad?

Any product rich in unsaturated oil can go rancid, including bottled primrose oil and primrose oil gel caps. Because primrose oil only has a faint scent, it can often be difficult to tell if it has gone bad. It may darken or smell funny, but not always. As such, you should always play it safe and discard any supplement after its use-by date.


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