Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) atau kapulaga berasal dari keluarga yang sama dengan jahe, serta memiliki sifat menghangatkan yang mirip dengan kerabatnya tersebut.
Cardamon (kapulaga) merupakan salah satu rempah-rempah terkemuka yang diperdagangkan sejak jaman kuno dan melakukan perjalanan dari Asia melalui Timur Tengah ke Mesir, Yunani dan Roma Kuno.
Saat ini kapulaga secara tradisional digunakan dalam masakan Asia, Afrika Utara dan Timur Tengah.
Orang Mesir kuno menggunakan kapulaga dalam parfum serta dupa. Di India, kapulaga biasanya digunakan sebagai pendukung pencernaan.
Sementara itu, Dioscorides, dokter, farmakolog, dan ahli botani Yunani kuno, menjelaskan penggunaan kapulaga dalam pengobatan linu panggul, batuk, kejang, nyeri perut dan juga retensi urin.
Namun, manfaat kapulaga yang paling luas digunakan serta paling menarik adalah kegunaannya sebagai afrodisiak.
Cardamom Essential Oil
Manfaat kesehatan cardamom essential oil (minyak esensial/minyak atsiri kapulaga) berhubungan dengan kemampuannya menurunkan kejang, menetralkan efek buruk kemoterapi, menurunkan mual, bersama dengan sifat lainnya seperti antiseptik, anti-mikroba, afrodisiak, astringent, menenangkan pencernaan, stimulan, serta diuretik.
Cardamom essential oil (minyak esensial/minyak atsiri kapulaga) diperoleh dari biji kapulaga yang memiliki nama ilmiah Elettaria cardamomum.
Manfaat Cardamom Essential Oil
Komponen utama cardamom essential oil adalah sabinene, limonene, terpenene, eugenol, cineol, nerol, geraniol, linalool, nerodilol, heptenone, borneol, alpha terpineol, beta terpineol, terpinyl acetate, alpha pinene, myrcene, cymene, neryl acetate, methyl heptenone, linalyl acetate dan heptacosane.
Selain digunakan sebagai bumbu masakan, cardamom (kapulaga) juga memiliki fungsi sebagai penyegar mulut).
Namun, itu belum seberapa, berikut adalah manfaat cardamom essential oil untuk kesehatan.
Cardamom oil memiliki manfaat mengobati kejang otot dan kejang pernapasan, sekaligus meringankan kram, asma, dan juga batuk rejan.
2. Meningkatkan Kesehatan Keseluruhan
Cardamom oil mengandung sejumlah mineral sehingga berpotensi meningkatkan kesehatan dengan beberapa cara.
Kandungan besi dan tembaga yang dimilikinya sangat penting untuk metabolisme energi sel bersama dengan generasi sel-sel darah merah.
Kalium yang terkandung dalam minyak esensial ini juga efektif menjaga kesehatan jantung.
Selain itu, kandungan mangan berperan sebagai co-faktor untuk produksi enzim antioksidan bernama ‘superoxide dismutase’.
Cardamom essential oil mampu menstimulasi seluruh sistem tubuh.
Efek revitalisasi ini efektif meningkatkan semangat terutama dalam kasus depresi atau kelelahan.
Selain itu, cardamom oil merangsang sekresi berbagai enzim dan hormon, asam lambung, gerak peristaltik, sirkulasi darah, serta ekskresi, sehingga mampu mempertahankan aksi metabolik tubuh agar tetap optimal.
4. Meredakan Kejang Otot
Minyak kapulaga memiliki sifat antispasmodic atau anti-kejang yang sangat baik.
Minyak esensial ini efektif mengatasi kejang otot (kram otot) serta kejang pernapasan (dipicu batuk rejan, pertusis, asma, dll).
5. Menjaga Kesehatan Saraf
Cardamom (kapulaga) bisa digunakan untuk meringankan sakit kepala, sekaligus merupakan tonik ringan untuk sistem saraf.
Selain itu, minyak esensial ini sangat cocok mengatasai kelelahan saraf dan depresi karena mampu meringankan ketegangan dan meningkatkan konsentrasi.
6. Antiseptik dan Antimikroba
Cardamom essential oil memiliki sifat antiseptik serta anti-mikroba yang kuat sekaligus aman.
Tambahkan beberapa tetes cardamom oil pada segelas air dan gunakan sebagai pencuci mulut untuk mendisinfeksi rongga mulut dan menghilangkan bau mulut.
Minyak kapulaga juga dapat ditambahkan ke air minum untuk menghilangkan kuman yang terkandung di dalamnya.
Selain itu, Anda bisa menambahkan beberapa tetes pada air mandi sebagai desinfektan kulit serta rambut.
7. Antimikroba Alami
Karena sifat anti-mikroba yang kuat, cardamom oil dapat dengan mudah menghilangkan mikroorganisme berbahaya atau memperlambat pertumbuhan mikroba.
Beberapa tetes minyak kapulaga dapat dengan mudah menghindarkan makanan dan minuman dari pembusukan oleh mikroba.
Minyak esensial ini juga bisa meningkatkan kesehatan dengan membunuh kuman serta menghilangkan bau mulut saat digunakan sebagai obat kumur.
8. Cardamom Essential Oil untuk Kesejahteraan Emosional
Apakah Anda dibebani dengan kekhawatiran? Atau stres mempengaruhi kemampuan untuk fokus dan berkonsentrasi?
Cardamom bisa digunakan sebagai penyemangat akibat kelelahan emosional serta kelelahan saraf.
Cardamom essential oil (minyak esensial kapulaga) dapat membantu Anda bersantai serta memperkuat tekad dalam menghadapi tantangan, terutama jenis yang menguji stamina.
Cardamom essential oil memiliki efek menghangatkan tubuh, mendorong keluarnya keringat, membantu melegakan saluran pernapsan, sekaligus mencegah flu.
Selain itu, minyak esensial ini mampu meringankan sakit kepala serta diare akibat cuaca dingin yang ekstrim.
10. Menjaga Suhu Normal Tubuh
Efek menghangatkan minyak aromatik ini bisa memicu keluarnya keringat sehingga dapat menjaga suhu tubuh tetap normal.
Selain itu, minyak kapulaga memainkan peran penting dalam menghilangkan sakit kepala sekaligus meredakan batuk serta menyembuhkan pilek.
Minyak kapulaga memiliki efek stimulan yang membantu menyembuhkan kelemahan seksual, disfungsi ereksi, impotensi, kurangnya libido, dan frigiditas.
Cardamom oil mendorong buang air kecil yang membantu menurunkan berat badan, mengurangi tekanan darah, menghilangkan racun serta membuang kelebihan kalsium dan urea melalui ginjal.
Cara Menggunakan Cardamom Essential Oil
Difusikan cardamom essential oil ke ruangan di rumah atau kantor.
> Meningkatkan Nafsu Makan
Pijatkan 1-2 tetes ke perut, kemudian hirup aromanya.
Pijatkan ke area dada, hirup aromanya, difusikan bila diperlukan, tempatkan setetes kecil di bawah hidung, atau pijatkan di titik-titik refleksi kaki.
Tambahkan beberapa tetes pada mangkuk air panas dan hirup uapnya.
> Hidung Tersumbat
Tambahkan beberapa tetes pada mangkuk air panas dan hirup uapnya, difusikan, atau oleskan 1-2 tetes cardamom oil pada dada dan leher.
Coba tambahkan 1 tetes untuk menyedapkan masakan.
Pijatkan 1-2 tetes minyak kapulaga pada tenggorokan dan dada, atau pada titik refleksi kaki.
Pijatkan 1-2 tetes cardamom oil pada perut dengan gerakan memutar berlawanan dengan jarum jam setiap 15 menit.
Difusikan beberapa tetes cardamom oil ke seluruh ruangan.
> Bau Mulut
Tempatkan sejumlah kecil minyak kapulaga di lidah. Ulangi setiap kali bau mulut menyerang.
> Sakit Kepala
Hirup cardamom oil atau oleskan beberapa tetes ke pelipis atau area yang mengalami ketegangan.
> Nyeri Otot
Tambahkan ke minyak pijat dan pijatkan ke seluruh badan, atau pijatkan 1-2 tetes minyak kapulaga pada area yang nyeri.
Tambahkan setetes minyak esensial kapulaga di lidah, pijatkan di atas perut, atau difusikan ke seluruh ruangan.
Efek Samping dan Informasi Keamanan Cardamom Essential Oil
Tidak terdapat efek berbahaya yang teramati saat menggunakan cardamom essential oil secara internal (menelannya). Namun, menggunakan terlalu banyak dapat menyebabkan over dosis.
Gejala over dosis meliputi tubuh yang menjadi terlalu panas, perut terasa panas, diare dan iritasi.
Wanita hamil dan menyusui dianjurkan untuk tidak mengkonsumsi cardamom oil secara internal karena iritasi atau efek menghangatkan mungkin membahayakan bayi.
Selalu lakukan tes pda bagian kecil kulit saat pertama kali menggunakan cardamom essential oil pada kulit.
Oleskan sedikit di lengan bagian dalam dan tunggu selama 24 jam untuk melihat ada tidaknya reaksi alergi yang terjadi.
10 Health Benefits of Cardamom, Backed by Science
Cardamom is a spice with an intense, slightly sweet flavor that some people compare to mint.
It originated in India but is available worldwide today and used in both sweet and savory recipes.
Here are 10 health benefits of cardamom, backed by science.
Cardamom may be helpful for people with high blood pressure.
In one study, researchers gave three grams of cardamom powder a day to 20 adults who were newly diagnosed with high blood pressure. After 12 weeks, blood pressure levels had significantly decreased to the normal range (3Trusted Source).
The promising results of this study may be related to the high levels of antioxidants in cardamom. In fact, the participants’ antioxidant status had increased by 90% by the end of the study. Antioxidants have been linked to lower blood pressure (3Trusted Source, 4Trusted Source).
Researchers also suspect that the spice may lower blood pressure due to its diuretic effect, meaning it can promote urination to remove water that builds up in your body, for example around your heart.
Cardamom extract has been shown to increase urination and decrease blood pressure in rats (5Trusted Source).
SUMMARYCardamom may help lower blood pressure, most likely due to its antioxidant and diuretic properties.
The compounds in cardamom may help fight cancer cells.
The spice may also enhance the ability of natural killer cells to attack tumors (8Trusted Source).
In one study, researchers exposed two groups of mice to a compound that causes skin cancer and fed one group 500 mg of ground cardamom per kg (227 mg per pound) of weight per day (7Trusted Source).
After 12 weeks, only 29% of the group who ate the cardamom developed cancer, compared to over 90% of the control group (7Trusted Source).
Research on human cancer cells and cardamom indicate similar results. One study showed that a certain compound in the spice stopped oral cancer cells in test tubes from multiplying (9Trusted Source).
Even though the results are promising, these studies have only been conducted on mice or in test tubes. Human research is needed before stronger claims can be made.
SUMMARYCertain compounds in cardamom may fight cancer and stop the growth of tumors in mice and test tubes. Human research is needed to validate if these results apply to humans as well.
Cardamom is rich in compounds that may fight inflammation.
Inflammation occurs when your body is exposed to foreign substances. Acute inflammation is necessary and beneficial, but long-term inflammation can lead to chronic diseases (10Trusted Source, 11Trusted Source, 12).
Antioxidants, found in abundance in cardamom, protect cells from damage and stop inflammation from occurring (13Trusted Source).
One study found that cardamom extract in doses of 50–100 mg per kg (23–46 mg per pound) of body weight was effective in inhibiting at least four different inflammatory compounds in rats (14Trusted Source).
Another study in rats showed that eating cardamom powder decreased liver inflammation induced by eating a diet high in carbs and fat (15Trusted Source).
Though there are not as many studies on the anti-inflammatory effects of cardamom in humans, research shows that supplements may increase antioxidant status by up to 90% (3Trusted Source).
SUMMARYThe antioxidant compounds in cardamom may help protect cells from damage and slow down and prevent inflammation in your body.
Cardamom has been used for thousands of years to help with digestion.
The most researched property of cardamom, as it pertains to relieving stomach issues, is its possible ability to heal ulcers.
In one study, rats were fed extracts of cardamom, turmeric and sembung leaf in hot water before being exposed to high doses of aspirin to induce stomach ulcers. These rats developed fewer ulcers compared to rats that only received aspirin (16Trusted Source).
A similar study in rats found that cardamom extract alone could completely prevent or reduce the size of gastric ulcers by at least 50%.
In fact, at doses of 12.5 mg per kg (5.7 mg per pound) of body weight, cardamom extract was more effective than a common anti-ulcer medication (17Trusted Source).
Test-tube research also suggests that cardamom may protect against Helicobacter pylori, a bacteria linked to the development of most stomach ulcer issues (18Trusted Source).
More research is needed to know if the spice would have the same effect against ulcers in humans.
SUMMARYCardamom may protect against digestive issues and has been shown to reduce the number and size of stomach ulcers in rats.
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The use of cardamom to treat bad breath and improve oral health is an ancient remedy.
In some cultures, it’s common to freshen your breath by eating entire cardamom pods after a meal (1).
Even the chewing gum manufacturer Wrigley uses the spice in one of its products.
The reason why cardamom can lead to minty fresh breath may have to do with its ability to fight common mouth bacteria (19Trusted Source).
One study found that cardamom extracts were effective in fighting five bacteria that can cause dental cavities. In some test-tube cases, the extracts prevented the growth of the bacteria by up to 0.82 inches (2.08 cm) (20).
Additional research shows that cardamom extract can reduce the number of bacteria in saliva samples by 54% (21).
However, all of these studies have been conducted in test tubes, making it unclear how the results may apply to humans.
SUMMARYCardamom is often used to treat bad breath and is a component of some chewing gums. This is because cardamom might be able to kill common mouth bacteria and prevent cavities.
Cardamom also has antibacterial effects outside of the mouth and may treat infections.
One test-tube study examined the impact of these extracts on drug-resistant strains of Candida, a yeastthat can cause fungal infections. The extracts were able to inhibit the growth of some strains by 0.39–0.59 inches (0.99–1.49 cm) (26Trusted Source).
Additional test-tube research found that essential oils and extracts of cardamom were just as, and sometimes more effective than standard drugs against E. coli and Staphylococcus, bacteria that can cause food poisoning (23Trusted Source).
Test-tube studies have also shown that cardamom essential oils fight the bacteria Salmonella that leads to food poisoning and Campylobacter that contributes to stomach inflammation (24Trusted Source, 25Trusted Source).
Existing studies on the antibacterial effects of cardamom have only looked at isolated strains of bacteria in labs. Therefore, the evidence is currently not strong enough to make claims that the spice would have the same effect in humans.
SUMMARY The essential oils and extracts of cardamom may be effective against a variety of bacterial strains that contribute to fungal infections, food poisoning and stomach issues. However, research has only been conducted in test tubes and not in humans.
Compounds in cardamom may help increase airflow to your lungs and improve breathing.
When used in aromatherapy, cardamom can provide an invigorating odor that enhances your body’s ability to use oxygen during exercise (27).
One study asked a group of participants to inhale cardamom essential oil for one minute before walking on a treadmill for 15-minute intervals. This group had a significantly higher oxygen uptake compared to the control group (27).
Another way that cardamom may improve breathing and oxygen use is by relaxing your airway. This may be particularly helpful for treating asthma.
A study in rats and rabbits found that injections of cardamom extract could relax the throat air passage. If the extract has a similar effect in people with asthma, it may prevent their inflamed airways from restricting and improve their breathing (28).
SUMMARYCardamom may improve breathing by stimulating better oxygen uptake and relaxing air passage to the lungs in humans and animals.
When taken in powder form, cardamom may lower blood sugar.
One study found that feeding rats a high-fat, high-carb (HFHC) diet caused their blood sugar levels to remain elevated longer than if they were fed a normal diet (15Trusted Source).
When rats on the HFHC diet were given cardamom powder, their blood sugar did not stay elevated for longer than the blood sugar of rats on a normal diet (15Trusted Source).
However, the powder may not have the same effect in humans with type 2 diabetes.
In a study in over 200 adults with this condition, participants were divided into groups that took only black tea or black tea with three grams of either cinnamon, cardamom or ginger every day for eight weeks (29Trusted Source).
The results showed that cinnamon, but not cardamom or ginger, improved blood sugar control (29Trusted Source).
In order to better understand the effect of cardamom on blood sugar in humans, more studies are needed.
SUMMARYA study on rats suggests that cardamom may help decrease high blood sugar levels, but more high-quality human studies are needed.
In addition to the aforementioned health benefits, cardamom may be good for your health in other ways as well.
Studies in rats have found that the high antioxidant levels in the spice may prevent both liver enlargement, anxiety and even aid weight loss:
- Liver protection: Cardamom extract may decrease elevated liver enzymes, triglyceride and cholesterol levels. They may also prevent liver enlargement and liver weight, which reduces the risk of fatty liver disease (30, 31Trusted Source, 32Trusted Source, 33Trusted Source).
- Anxiety: One rat study suggests that cardamom extract may prevent anxious behaviors. This may be because low blood levels of antioxidants have been linked to the development of anxiety and other mood disorders (34Trusted Source, 35Trusted Source, 36Trusted Source).
- Weight loss: A study in 80 overweight and obese prediabetic women found a link between cardamom and slightly reduced waist circumference. However, rat studies on weight loss and the spice have not found significant results (15Trusted Source, 37Trusted Source)
The number of studies on the link between cardamom and these potential benefits is limited and mostly done on animals.
Furthermore, the reasons why the spice may help improve liver health, anxiety and weight are unclear.
SUMMARY: A limited number of studies suggests that cardamom supplements may decrease waist circumference and prevent anxious behaviors and fatty liver. The reasons behind these effects are unclear but may have to do with the spice’s high antioxidant content.
Cardamom is generally safe for most people.
The most common way to use cardamom is in cooking or baking. It’s very versatile and often added to Indian curries and stews, as well as gingerbread cookies, bread and other baked goods.
The use of cardamom supplements, extracts and essential oils is likely to become more common in light of the promising results of research on its medicinal uses.
However, there is currently no recommended dose for the spice since most studies have been on animals. The use of supplements should be monitored by a health professional.
Furthermore, cardamom supplements may not be suitable for children and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Most supplements recommend 500 mg of cardamom powder or extract once or twice a day.
The FDA does not regulate supplements, so be sure to choose brands that have been tested by a third party if you’re encouraged to try cardamom supplements by a healthcare provider.
If you’re interested in trying cardamom, remember that adding the spice to your foods may be the safest way.
SUMMARYUsing cardamom in cooking is safe for most people. Cardamom supplements and extracts have not been thoroughly researched and should only be taken under the guidance of a healthcare provider.
Cardamom is an ancient remedy that may have many medicinal properties.
It may lower blood pressure, improve breathing and aid weight loss.
What’s more, animal and test-tube studies show that cardamom may help fight tumors, improve anxiety, fight bacteria and protect your liver, though the evidence in these cases is less strong.
However, little or no human research exists for a number of the health claims associated with the spice. More studies are needed to show if or how the results of preliminary research apply to humans.
Nevertheless, adding cardamom to your cooking may be a safe and effective way to improve your health.
Cardamom extracts and supplements may also provide benefits but should be taken with caution and under the supervision of a doctor.
What are the health benefits of cardamom?
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Cardamom is a spice that people have used for centuries both in cooking and as a medicine. Originally a common ingredient in Middle Eastern and Arabic foods, cardamom has also gained popularity in the west.
Cardamom comes from the seeds of several different plants that belong to the same family as ginger. It has a distinctive flavor that complements both sweet and savory dishes. People may use cardamom seeds and pods in curries, desserts, and meat dishes, as well as in beverages, such as coffee and chai tea.
People may also take cardamom as a supplement for its health benefits. Cardamom contains phytochemicals that have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
People may purchase cardamom as:
- whole seed pods with the seeds inside
- pre-ground cardamom spice powder, which manufacturers produce from seeds
- an essential oil
- an herbal supplement, usually in the form of a capsule
Researchers have conducted several small studies on cardamom, the findings of which suggest that it has some health benefits. Although these studies are promising, large and controlled human studies are necessary before healthcare professionals can recommend cardamom to treat medical problems.
The oil from cardamom seeds may be able to kill bacteria and fungi.
One study found that cardamom essential oil was effective in killing several different types of bacteria and fungi. The researchers suggested that the oil’s antibacterial activity may be due to its ability to damage the cell membrane of certain bacteria.
Cardamom essential oil showed “antimicrobial activity against almost all test microorganisms” in other research, while another study concluded that this oil could be a component in new antimicrobial drugs.
People should not ingest cardamom essential oil, however, and they should always speak to a doctor before using any new herbal remedy. Some products can interact with existing medication or cause side effects.
Some studies suggest that cardamom could help with some aspects of metabolic syndrome.
- high blood sugar
- high triglycerides
- high cholesterol
- low levels of “good” cholesterol
In one animal study, in which the researchers fed rats a diet high in carbohydrate and fat, the rodents that also consumed cardamom powder had a lower weight and better cholesterol than those that did not receive this supplement.
The researchers recruited women who were overweight or had obesity and also had prediabetes and high cholesterol. Their findings showed that the women who took cardamom for 8 weeks had lower levels of C-reactive protein, inflammatory proteins, and other markers that can contribute to health problems.
In another study, researchers gave 83 people with type 2 diabetes either green cardamom or a placebo. Those who took cardamom saw health benefits, including improved hemoglobin A1c and insulin levels, after 10 weeks.
Some animal research has linked cardamom with boosting heart health, though many more studies are necessary before researchers know how the spice affects human heart health.
The findings of a study in rats suggest that cardamom could help protect against heart attacks. The authors suggest that its antioxidant activities could help improve heart function, but they note the need for studies in humans to confirm these findings.
Another study in rats found that cardamom oil could help improve cholesterol levels in rats. The researchers fed rats a high cholesterol diet for 8 weeks. The rats that received cardamom had significantly lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels at the end of the study.
A recent study found that cardamom seeds and fruit could help improve oral health due to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The findings showed that the cardamom extract was effective in disrupting bacteria that can lead to gum disease or infections.
In a randomized trial, researchers asked the participants to chew either fennel or cardamom seeds for 5 minutes. The researchers found that chewing either type of seed was effective in balancing the pH in the mouth, which may help prevent the development of cavities.
In Ayurvedic medicine, people use cardamom for its detoxifying properties. Although there is a lack of scientific evidence to confirm this benefit, cardamom does appear to have some helpful effects on the liver, which plays a crucial role in removing toxins from the body.
One study involved people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease who were overweight or had obesity. The participants who took green cardamom supplements had improvements in markers of liver health compared with those who took a placebo.
In another animal study, scientists fed rats a high fat, high carbohydrate diet and measured certain liver health markers. After 8 weeks, the rats that received cardamom had lower levels of liver stress than the rats that ate an unsupplemented diet. This finding suggests that cardamom could help protect the liver from certain types of damage.
Cardamom contains natural phytochemicals that may be able to fight diseases such as cancer. It cannot take the place of cancer treatment, but some studies suggest that the spice could have cancer-fighting properties.
For example, one study found that giving mice cardamom supplements for 15 days resulted in a reduction in the size and weight of their skin tumors.
Like ginger, its cousin, cardamom could help with digestive ailments. Some people use the spice to make a stomach-soothing tea. It may also be useful in protecting the stomach from ulcers.
In a recent study, researchers induced stomach ulcers in rats by giving them high doses of aspirin. They then gave some of the rats cardamom extract to see how it affected their ulcers. The rats that ate cardamom extract had smaller and fewer ulcers than the rats that did not receive it.
Another study produced similar findings. The researchers discovered that cardamom extract, in combination with turmeric and sembung leaf, helped protect against stomach ulcers in rats. Some of the rats received aspirin alone, while others received the herbal extract and then aspirin. The rats that received the extract had fewer and smaller ulcers than the rats that did not receive the herbs.
According to the Department of Agriculture, one tablespoon of ground cardamom contains the following nutrients:
- calories: 18
- total fat: 0.4 grams (g)
- carbohydrates: 4.0 g
- fiber: 1.6 g
- protein: 0.6 g
It also contains the following quantities of vitamins and minerals:
- potassium: 64.9 milligrams (mg)
- calcium: 22.2 mg
- iron: 0.81 mg
- magnesium: 13.3 mg
- phosphorus: 10.3 mg
There are no reported risks of using cardamom in cooking or any known adverse side effects. Using cardamom as a spice and flavor agent is safe for most people.
There is no established dosage for taking cardamom as a supplement. Many cardamom capsules or tablets list a dosage of 400–500 mg of dried herb per pill. Before taking cardamom pills or any other natural supplements, a person should talk to a healthcare professional.
Although many of its health benefits need further study, cardamom is safe for most people to take in moderate amounts.
Cardamom’s natural phytochemicals have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities that could improve health. However, it is too early to say whether this spice can treat any health conditions.
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