Minyak Lada Hitam / Black Pepper oil

100% PURE & NATURAL ESSENTIAL OIL

External use only / Pemakaian luar


10 Manfaat & Efek Samping Black Pepper Essential Oil (Minyak Lada Hitam)


Black pepper (lada hitam atau merica hitam) adalah salah satu rempah-rempah yang paling banyak digunakan.

Rempah ini dihargai tidak hanya sebagai agen penyedap makanan, tetapi juga untuk berbagai manfaat lain, seperti sifat pengobatan, pengawet dan wewangian.

Banyak penelitian dilakukan untuk meneliti manfaat black pepper essential oil dan senyawa aktif utamanya, piperine, yang memiliki kemampuan meningkatkan sistem pencernaan dan melindungi tubuh terhadap kerusakan oksidatif.

Manfaat black pepper essential oil (minyak esential atau minyak atsiri lada hitam) termasuk menghilangkan rasa sakit dan nyeri, menurunkan kolesterol, detoksifikasi tubuh dan meningkatkan sirkulasi darah.

Manfaat Black Pepper Essential Oil

1. Meredakan Sakit dan Nyeri

Karena sifat menghangatkan, anti-inflamasi dan antispasmodic, black pepper oil efektif mengurangi cedera otot, tendonitis, gejala arthritis dan rematik.

Sebuah studi tahun 2014 yang diterbitkan dalam Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine menilai kemanjuran berbagai aromatic essential oil pada nyeri leher.

Peserta penelitian diberi krim yang terdiri dari black pepper, marjoram, lavender dan peppermint essential oil yang dioleskan ke leher setiap hari dalam jangka waktu empat minggu.

Hasil menunjukkan terjadi peningkatan toleransi nyeri dan terjadi penurunan signifikan pada nyeri leher.

2. Membantu Pencernaan

Black pepper oil (minyak lada hitam) membantu meringankan ketidaknyamanan akibat sembelit, diare dan kembung.

Berbagai penelitian menunjukkan minyak ini memiliki sifat antidiare, gastro-protective, dan antispasmodic.

Black pepper bekerja dengan merangsang lambung meningkatkan sekresi asam klorida yang diperlukan untuk pencernaan.

Black pepper juga telah digunakan untuk mengobati gejala IBS (internal bowel sindrome) serta disfungsi kandung kemih.

3. Menurunkan Kolesterol

Sebuah studi tahun 2002 meneliti efek penurunan lemak (lipid) pada tikus yang diberi makanan tinggi lemak.

Peneliti menemukan suplementasi dengan black pepper (lada hitam) mampu meningkat konsentrasi kolesterol HDL dan mengurangi konsentrasi kolesterol LDL dan kolesterol VLDL dalam plasma tikus yang diberi makanan tinggi lemak.

Gunakan black pepper essential oil secara internal untuk mengurangi trigliserida tinggi dan meningkatkan kadar kolesterol total.

4. Memiliki Sifat Antivirus

Penggunaan jangka panjang antibiotik bisa mengakibatkan evolusi bakteri yang kebal terhadap antibiotik.

Penelitian yang dipublikasikan di Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology menemukan ekstrak lada hitam mengandung sifat anti-virulensi, yang berarti menargetkan virulensi bakteri tanpa mempengaruhi kelangsungan hidup sel.

Studi ini menunjukkan dari 83 essential oil yang diteliti, black pepper, cananga dan myrrh oil menghambat pembentukan biofilm staphylococcus aureus dan hampir menghilangkan hemolitik (penghancuran sel darah merah) akibat aktivitas S. aureus.

5. Melancarkan Peredaran Darah

Ketika diambil secara internal, black pepper essential oil mampu meningkatkan sirkulasi darah dan merangsang lendir serta aliran empedu.

Minyak ini memiliki sifat menghangatkan ketika dioleskan atau diambil secara internal.

Campurkan black pepper oil dengan cinnamon atau turmeric essential oil untuk meningkatkan sifat memperlancar peredaran darah.

6. Menunjukkan Sifat Antikanker

Menurut studi tahun 2010 yang dilakukan di Michigan State University, black pepper oil dan konstituennya menunjukkan aktivitas anti-inflamasi, antioksidan, dan antikanker.

Senyawa yang berasal dari black pepper diketahui menghambat penyebaran sel kanker manusia, dengan piperine menjadi senyawa yang paling efektif.

7. Meringankan Kecemasan dan Kecanduan Rokok

Black pepper oil membantu mengurangi kecanduan rokok dan gejala kecemasan akibat kecanduan pada perokok.

Sebuah studi tahun 1994 yang diterbitkan dalam Drug and Alcohol Dependence menemukan black pepper oil dapat mengurangi gejala kecanduan rokok tertentu, termasuk keinginan untuk merokok.

Empat puluh delapan perokok berpartisipasi dalam sesi tiga jam yang dilakukan setelah semalam puasa dari merokok.

Para peserta dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok: Kelompok pertama perokok mengisap perangkat yang menyalurkan uap dari black pepper essential oil, kelompok kedua mengisap uap mint/menthol dan kelompok ketiga mengisap perangkat kosong.

Hasil percobaan menunjukkan keinginan untuk merokok secara signifikan berkurang pada kelompok black pepper dibandingkan dua kelompok kontrol.

Selain itu, efek negatif dan gejala kecemasan terlihat berkurang pada kelompok black pepper.

Studi ini menunjukkan sensasi saluran pernapasan penting untuk mengurangi gejala kecanduan merokok dan pengganti rokok berupa lada hitam mungkin berguna menghentikan kecanduan rokok.

Black pepper oil juga merupakan salah satu minyak esensial terbaik untuk mengurangi kegelisahan dan meringankan kondisi saraf.

8. Membantu Detoksifikasi Tubuh

Black pepper oil memberi sensasi hangat ketika dioleskan, sehingga memicu keluarnya keringat.

Minyak ini juga berfungsi sebagai diuretik dan meningkatkan buang air kecil, sehingga membantu membuang racun dan kelebihan air dari tubuh.

Manfaat ini berfungsi mengurangi pembengkakan dan peradangan, sekaligus membantu menurunkan tekanan darah secara alami.

Sebuah studi tahun 2013 yang diterbitkan di Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics menemukan suplementasi piperine membantu menormalkan tekanan darah, meningkatkan toleransi glukosa (menormalkan kadar gula darah), mengurangi peradangan dan meningkatkan fungsi hati pada tikus yang diberi diet tinggi lemak.

Perubahan ini menunjukkan piperine mengurangi gejala sindrom metabolik dengan membantu tubuh mengeluarkan racun dan mengurangi peradangan.

9. Berfungsi Merangsang Nafsu Makan

Penelitian menunjukkan rangsangan penciuman menggunakan black pepper essential oil, yang merupakan perangsang nafsu makan yang kuat, dapat memfasilitasi proses menelan pada orang dengan gangguan neurologis.

Menghirup dan menelan black pepper oil mengaktifkan korteks insular atau orbitofrontal, sehingga menghasilkan peningkatan gerakan menelan refleksif.

Pada tahun 2008, efek stimulasi penciuman dengan black pepper oil diselidiki pada pasien pediatrik yang menerima nutrisi enteral jangka panjang (makan dengan suplemen cair atau tabung makan) karena gangguan neurologis.

Pada 8 dari 10 pasien, intervensi black pepper oil dilanjutkan selama tiga bulan.

Hasilnya, lima pasien menunjukkan peningkatan jumlah asupan oral disertai peningkatan gerakan menelan.

10. Digunakan sebagai Pengawet Makanan

Black dan green pepper essential oil digunakan dalam studi tahun 2015 untuk menentukan aktivitas antimikroba terhadap pembusukan makanan ketika ditambahkan ke sup ayam.

Para peneliti menemukan black pepper essential oil menunjukkan sifat antimikroba, antijamur dan antibakteri, serta berhasil menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri dalam sup ayam.

Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan black dan green pepper essential oil efisien mengendalikan pertumbuhan mikroorganisme penyebab pembusukan makanan.

Senyawa Kimia dalam Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil diekstrak melalui proses distilasi uap dan memiliki aroma pedas, hangat, serta musky.

Minyak ini umum digunakan untuk membantu pencernaan dan sistem saraf, merangsang sirkulasi darah dan mempromosikan keseimbangan emosional.

Black pepper (lada hitam) memiliki sifat unik untuk membangkitkan energi dan menghangatkan tubuh.

Selain menyegarkan indera, black pepper dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan kejernihan mental.

Black pepper essential oil juga merupakan makanan sehat karena mengandung antioksidan, sifat antimikroba dan sifat pelindung pencernaan.

Dengan piperine sebagai bahan aktif, black pepper mengandung fitokimia, oleoresin dan alkaloid.

Piperine membantu fungsi kognitif otak, meningkatkan penyerapan gizi dan meningkatkan fungsi pencernaan.

Penelitian juga menemukan aktivitas melawan radikal bebas black pepper dan bahan aktifnya mungkin membantu sebagai agen chemoprotective dan dalam mengendalikan perkembangan serta pertumbuhan tumor.

Bukti arkeologi tentang penggunaan lada bisa dilacak hingga tahun 2000 SM di India.

Catatan tentang penggunaan lada juga muncul dalam teks-teks Yunani dan Romawi, menunjukkan terjadinya perdagangan lada antara India dan dunia Barat.

Bangsa Romawi menyukai menambahkan lada untuk makanan mereka. Hal ini didukung fakta bahwa buku resep tertua 80 persen diantaranya menggunakan lada.

Efek Samping Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil bisa menjadi iritan kuat dalam dosis tinggi, sehingga pengenceran dengan carrier oil (seperti minyak kelapa atau minyak jojoba) amat direkomendasikan untuk penggunaan topikal.

Selain itu, lakukan tes dengan mengoleskan black pepper essential oil pada bagian kecil kulit sebelum mengoleskan pada bagian tubuh yang lebih luas.

Mulailah dengan mengoleskan sedikit pada pergelangan tangan atau kaki untuk memastikan Anda tidak mengalami reaksi yang merugikan.

disadur :https://www.atsirich.com/194/10-manfaat-efek-samping-black-pepper-essential-oil-minyak-lada-hitam/


Black pepper (lada hitam atau merica hitam) adalah salah satu rempah-rempah yang paling banyak digunakan.

Rempah ini dihargai tidak hanya sebagai agen penyedap makanan, tetapi juga untuk berbagai manfaat lain, seperti sifat pengobatan, pengawet dan wewangian.

Banyak penelitian dilakukan untuk meneliti manfaat black pepper essential oil dan senyawa aktif utamanya, piperine, yang memiliki kemampuan meningkatkan sistem pencernaan dan melindungi tubuh terhadap kerusakan oksidatif.

Manfaat black pepper essential oil (minyak esential atau minyak atsiri lada hitam) termasuk menghilangkan rasa sakit dan nyeri, menurunkan kolesterol, detoksifikasi tubuh dan meningkatkan sirkulasi darah.

Manfaat Black Pepper Essential Oil

  1. Meredakan Sakit dan Nyeri

Karena sifat menghangatkan, anti-inflamasi dan antispasmodic, black pepper oil efektif mengurangi cedera otot, tendonitis, gejala arthritis dan rematik.

Sebuah studi tahun 2014 yang diterbitkan dalam Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine menilai kemanjuran berbagai aromatic essential oil pada nyeri leher.

Peserta penelitian diberi krim yang terdiri dari black pepper, marjoram, lavender dan peppermint essential oil yang dioleskan ke leher setiap hari dalam jangka waktu empat minggu.

Hasil menunjukkan terjadi peningkatan toleransi nyeri dan terjadi penurunan signifikan pada nyeri leher.

  1. Membantu Pencernaan

Black pepper oil (minyak lada hitam) membantu meringankan ketidaknyamanan akibat sembelit, diare dan kembung.

Berbagai penelitian menunjukkan minyak ini memiliki sifat antidiare, gastro-protective, dan antispasmodic.

Black pepper bekerja dengan merangsang lambung meningkatkan sekresi asam klorida yang diperlukan untuk pencernaan.

Black pepper juga telah digunakan untuk mengobati gejala IBS (internal bowel sindrome) serta disfungsi kandung kemih.

  1. Menurunkan Kolesterol

Sebuah studi tahun 2002 meneliti efek penurunan lemak (lipid) pada tikus yang diberi makanan tinggi lemak.

Peneliti menemukan suplementasi dengan black pepper (lada hitam) mampu meningkat konsentrasi kolesterol HDL dan mengurangi konsentrasi kolesterol LDL dan kolesterol VLDL dalam plasma tikus yang diberi makanan tinggi lemak.

Gunakan black pepper essential oil secara internal untuk mengurangi trigliserida tinggi dan meningkatkan kadar kolesterol total.

  1. Memiliki Sifat Antivirus

Penggunaan jangka panjang antibiotik bisa mengakibatkan evolusi bakteri yang kebal terhadap antibiotik.

Penelitian yang dipublikasikan di Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology menemukan ekstrak lada hitam mengandung sifat anti-virulensi, yang berarti menargetkan virulensi bakteri tanpa mempengaruhi kelangsungan hidup sel.

Studi ini menunjukkan dari 83 essential oil yang diteliti, black pepper, cananga dan myrrh oil menghambat pembentukan biofilm staphylococcus aureus dan hampir menghilangkan hemolitik (penghancuran sel darah merah) akibat aktivitas S. aureus.

  1. Melancarkan Peredaran Darah

Ketika diambil secara internal, black pepper essential oil mampu meningkatkan sirkulasi darah dan merangsang lendir serta aliran empedu.

Minyak ini memiliki sifat menghangatkan ketika dioleskan atau diambil secara internal.

Campurkan black pepper oil dengan cinnamon atau turmeric essential oil untuk meningkatkan sifat memperlancar peredaran darah.

  1. Menunjukkan Sifat Antikanker

Menurut studi tahun 2010 yang dilakukan di Michigan State University, black pepper oil dan konstituennya menunjukkan aktivitas anti-inflamasi, antioksidan, dan antikanker.

Senyawa yang berasal dari black pepper diketahui menghambat penyebaran sel kanker manusia, dengan piperine menjadi senyawa yang paling efektif.

  1. Meringankan Kecemasan dan Kecanduan Rokok

Black pepper oil membantu mengurangi kecanduan rokok dan gejala kecemasan akibat kecanduan pada perokok.

Sebuah studi tahun 1994 yang diterbitkan dalam Drug and Alcohol Dependence menemukan black pepper oil dapat mengurangi gejala kecanduan rokok tertentu, termasuk keinginan untuk merokok.

Empat puluh delapan perokok berpartisipasi dalam sesi tiga jam yang dilakukan setelah semalam puasa dari merokok.

Para peserta dibagi menjadi tiga kelompok: Kelompok pertama perokok mengisap perangkat yang menyalurkan uap dari black pepper essential oil, kelompok kedua mengisap uap mint/menthol dan kelompok ketiga mengisap perangkat kosong.

Hasil percobaan menunjukkan keinginan untuk merokok secara signifikan berkurang pada kelompok black pepper dibandingkan dua kelompok kontrol.

Selain itu, efek negatif dan gejala kecemasan terlihat berkurang pada kelompok black pepper.

Studi ini menunjukkan sensasi saluran pernapasan penting untuk mengurangi gejala kecanduan merokok dan pengganti rokok berupa lada hitam mungkin berguna menghentikan kecanduan rokok.

Black pepper oil juga merupakan salah satu minyak esensial terbaik untuk mengurangi kegelisahan dan meringankan kondisi saraf.

  1. Membantu Detoksifikasi Tubuh

Black pepper oil memberi sensasi hangat ketika dioleskan, sehingga memicu keluarnya keringat.

Minyak ini juga berfungsi sebagai diuretik dan meningkatkan buang air kecil, sehingga membantu membuang racun dan kelebihan air dari tubuh.

Manfaat ini berfungsi mengurangi pembengkakan dan peradangan, sekaligus membantu menurunkan tekanan darah secara alami.

Sebuah studi tahun 2013 yang diterbitkan di Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics menemukan suplementasi piperine membantu menormalkan tekanan darah, meningkatkan toleransi glukosa (menormalkan kadar gula darah), mengurangi peradangan dan meningkatkan fungsi hati pada tikus yang diberi diet tinggi lemak.

Perubahan ini menunjukkan piperine mengurangi gejala sindrom metabolik dengan membantu tubuh mengeluarkan racun dan mengurangi peradangan.

  1. Berfungsi Merangsang Nafsu Makan

Penelitian menunjukkan rangsangan penciuman menggunakan black pepper essential oil, yang merupakan perangsang nafsu makan yang kuat, dapat memfasilitasi proses menelan pada orang dengan gangguan neurologis.

Menghirup dan menelan black pepper oil mengaktifkan korteks insular atau orbitofrontal, sehingga menghasilkan peningkatan gerakan menelan refleksif.

Pada tahun 2008, efek stimulasi penciuman dengan black pepper oil diselidiki pada pasien pediatrik yang menerima nutrisi enteral jangka panjang (makan dengan suplemen cair atau tabung makan) karena gangguan neurologis.

Pada 8 dari 10 pasien, intervensi black pepper oil dilanjutkan selama tiga bulan.

Hasilnya, lima pasien menunjukkan peningkatan jumlah asupan oral disertai peningkatan gerakan menelan.

  1. Digunakan sebagai Pengawet Makanan

Black dan green pepper essential oil digunakan dalam studi tahun 2015 untuk menentukan aktivitas antimikroba terhadap pembusukan makanan ketika ditambahkan ke sup ayam.

Para peneliti menemukan black pepper essential oil menunjukkan sifat antimikroba, antijamur dan antibakteri, serta berhasil menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri dalam sup ayam.

Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan black dan green pepper essential oil efisien mengendalikan pertumbuhan mikroorganisme penyebab pembusukan makanan.

Senyawa Kimia dalam Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil diekstrak melalui proses distilasi uap dan memiliki aroma pedas, hangat, serta musky.

Minyak ini umum digunakan untuk membantu pencernaan dan sistem saraf, merangsang sirkulasi darah dan mempromosikan keseimbangan emosional.

Black pepper (lada hitam) memiliki sifat unik untuk membangkitkan energi dan menghangatkan tubuh.

Selain menyegarkan indera, black pepper dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan kejernihan mental.

Black pepper essential oil juga merupakan makanan sehat karena mengandung antioksidan, sifat antimikroba dan sifat pelindung pencernaan.

Dengan piperine sebagai bahan aktif, black pepper mengandung fitokimia, oleoresin dan alkaloid.

Piperine membantu fungsi kognitif otak, meningkatkan penyerapan gizi dan meningkatkan fungsi pencernaan.

Penelitian juga menemukan aktivitas melawan radikal bebas black pepper dan bahan aktifnya mungkin membantu sebagai agen chemoprotective dan dalam mengendalikan perkembangan serta pertumbuhan tumor.

Bukti arkeologi tentang penggunaan lada bisa dilacak hingga tahun 2000 SM di India.

Catatan tentang penggunaan lada juga muncul dalam teks-teks Yunani dan Romawi, menunjukkan terjadinya perdagangan lada antara India dan dunia Barat.

Bangsa Romawi menyukai menambahkan lada untuk makanan mereka.Hal ini didukung fakta bahwa buku resep tertua 80 persen diantaranya menggunakan lada.

Efek Samping Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil bisa menjadi iritan kuat dalam dosis tinggi, sehingga pengenceran dengan carrier oil (seperti minyak kelapa atau minyak jojoba) amat direkomendasikan untuk penggunaan topikal.

Selain itu, lakukan tes dengan mengoleskan black pepper essential oil pada bagian kecil kulit sebelum mengoleskan pada bagian tubuh yang lebih luas.

Mulailah dengan mengoleskan sedikit pada pergelangan tangan atau kaki untuk memastikan Anda tidak mengalami reaksi yang merugikan.


10 Black Pepper Essential Oil Benefits You Won’t Believe

By Christine Ruggeri, CHHC

June 22, 2018

Black pepper essential oil - Dr. Axe
Black pepper is one of the most widely used spices on the planet. It’s valued not only as a flavoring agent in our meals, but also for a variety of other purposes, such as medicinal uses, as a preservative and in perfumery. In recent decades, scientific research has explored the many possible benefits of black pepper essential oil such as relief from aches and pains, lowering cholesterol, detoxifying the body and enhancing circulation, among many more.Black pepper’s major active principle, piperine, has been shown to have many beneficial health attributes including possible anticancer properties, which is why researchers have looked at it for inclusion in diet therapy for cancer treatment as well as cancer prevention. (1)Are you ready to take a closer look at the benefits of this incredible essential oil?


10 Black Pepper Essential Oil Benefits

1. Relieves Aches and Pains

Because of its warming, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties, black pepper oil works to reduce muscle injuries, tendonitis, and symptoms of arthritis and rheumatism.

A 2014 study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine assessed the efficacy of aromatic essential oils on neck pain. When patients applied a cream composed of black pepper, marjoram, lavender and peppermint essential oils to the neck daily for a four-week period, the group reported improved pain tolerance and significant improvement of neck pain. (2)

2. Aids Digestion

Black pepper oil may help ease the discomfort of constipation, diarrhea and gas. In vitro and in vivo animal research has shown that depending on the dosage, black pepper’s piperine exhibits antidiarrheal and antispasmodic activities or it can actually have a spasmodic effect, which is helpful for constipation relief. Overall, black pepper and piperine appear to have possible medicinal uses for gastrointestinal motility disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). (3)

A study published in 2013 looked at the effects of piperine on animal subjects with IBS as well as depression-like behavior. The researchers found that the animal subjects who were given piperine showed improvements in behavior as well as an overall improvement in serotonin regulation and balance in both their brains and colons. (4) How is this important to IBS? There is evidence that abnormalities in brain-gut signaling and serotonin metabolism play a role in IBS. (5)

3. Lowers Cholesterol 

An animal study on the hypolipidemic (lipid-lowering) effect of black pepper in rats fed a high-fat diet showed a decrease in the levels of cholesterol, free fatty acids, phospholipids and triglycerides. Researchers found that supplementation with black pepper elevated the concentration of HDL (good) cholesterol and reduced the concentration of LDL (bad) cholesterol and VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol in the plasma of rats fed high-fat foods. (6) This is just some of the research that points toward using black pepper essential oil internally to reduce high triglycerides and improve total cholesterol levels.

4. Has Antiviral Properties

The long-term use of antibiotics has resulted in the evolution of multidrug-resistant bacteria. Research published in Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology found that black pepper extract contains anti-virulence properties, meaning it targets bacterial virulence without affecting cell viability, making drug resistance less likely. The study showed that after screening 83 essential oils, black pepper, cananga and myrrh oil inhibited Staphylococcus aureus biofilm formation and “almost abolished” the hemolytic (destruction of red blood cells) activity of S. aureus bacteria. (7)

5. Lowers Blood Pressure

When black pepper essential oil is taken internally, it may promote healthy circulation and even lower high blood pressure. An animal study published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology demonstrates how black pepper’s active component, piperine, possesses a blood pressure-lowering effect. (8) Black pepper is known in Ayurvedic medicine for its warming properties that can be helpful to circulation and heart health when used internally or applied topically. Mixing black pepper oil with cinnamon or turmeric essential oil can enhance these warming properties.

 

Black pepper essential oil - Dr. Axe

 

6. Exhibits Anticancer Activity

According to a 2010 study conducted at Michigan State University, black pepper extract and its constituents exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activities. The researchers found that the the piperine and alkyl amides found in black pepper both had dose-dependent abilities to inhibit human cancer cell proliferation. (9)

7. Eases Feelings of Anxiety and Cigarette Cravings

Black pepper oil may help reduce cravings for cigarettes and symptoms of anxiety in smokers deprived from smoking. A clinical study published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence found that black pepper oil can suppress certain smoking withdrawal symptoms, including cravings for cigarettes. Forty-eight cigarette smokers participated in a three-hour session conducted after overnight deprivation from smoking. The participants were divided into three groups: one group of smokers puffed on a device that delivered a vapor from black pepper essential oil; a second group puffed on a device with a mint/menthol cartridge; and a third group used a device containing an empty cartridge. After puffing and inhaling from the devices throughout the session, reported cravings for cigarettes were significantly reduced in the black pepper group relative to each of the two control groups.

In addition, negative effects and symptoms of anxiety were alleviated in the black pepper group, and participants reported that the intensity of sensations in the chest were much greater with the black pepper cartilage. The results of this study suggest that respiratory tract sensations are a key aspect of mitigating smoking withdrawal symptoms. The researchers also conclude that, “Cigarette substitutes delivering black pepper constituents may prove useful in smoking cessation treatment.” (10)

8. Helps Detoxify the Body

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) and piperine has been shown to have “biotransformative effects” including detoxification and enhanced absorption and bioavailability of herbal and conventional drugs. (11) This is why you may see piperine as an ingredient in your supplements.

A 2013 animal study published in Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics found that piperine supplementation helped normalize blood pressure, improve glucose tolerance, decrease inflammation and boost liver function in rats fed a high-fat diet. These positive results suggest that piperine may be able to help reduce symptoms of human metabolic syndrome by helping the body to remove toxins and reduce inflammation. (12)

9. Serves as an Appetite Stimulant

Research shows that olfactory stimulation using black pepper essential oil, which is a strong appetite stimulant, can facilitate swallowing in people with neurological disorders. Inhalation and ingestion of black pepper oil activates the insular or orbitofrontal cortex, resulting in improvement of the reflexive swallowing movement.

In 2008, the effects of olfactory stimulation with black pepper oil were investigated in pediatric patients receiving long-term enteral nutrition (feeding with liquid supplements or tube feeding) due to neurological disorders. In eight out of 10 patients, black pepper oil intervention was continued for three months, and five patients showed increases in the amount of oral intake — plus black pepper treatment helped facilitate swallowing movement. (13)

10. Can Be Used as Food Preservative

Black and green pepper essential oils were used in a 2015 in vitro study in order to figure out the antimicrobial activity against microorganisms that cause food spoilage. Researchers found that both pepper oils displayed antimicrobial, antifungal and antibacterial activity, and they successfully inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria in chicken soup. The results of this study demonstrate how both green pepper and black pepper essential oils “are efficient in controlling the growth of known food-spoilage microorganisms.” (14)


How to Use Black Pepper Oil

Black pepper essential oil is available in some health food stores and online. Black pepper oil can be inhaled directly from the bottle, diffused at home for a warming aroma, taken internally in small doses (always read product direction labels carefully) and applied topically.

When buying black pepper essential oil, especially for internal use, be sure to purchase a high-quality, 100 percent pure-grade product that’s made by a trustworthy and reputable company. Because of its potent and medicinal properties, you want to use the best product you can find. You also want to look for an oil that is CO2-extracted rather than steam distilled. CO2 extraction means that chemicals like hexane or ethanol were left out of the process, which is a very good thing.

When applied topically, black pepper oil creates a warming sensation, so use small doses and dilute it with a carrier oil, like coconut oil, jojoba oil or almond oil. You can use a 1:1 dilution, especially if you apply the oil to sensitive skin.

There are so many ways to use black pepper essential oil, and its uses go far beyond flavoring your food. Here are some easy ways to use black pepper oil at home:

  • To increase circulation and blood flow to the muscles and nerves, add 3–5 drops of black pepper oil to a warm compress and apply to the abdomen or areas of concern.
  • To ease the discomfort of constipation, diarrhea and gas, take 1–2 drops of black pepper oil internally by adding it to a smoothie, soup or savory dish. It can also be applied topically to the abdomen.
  • To relieve muscle injuries and tendonitis, apply black pepper oil topically to the area of concern.
  • To aid respiratory conditions, take internally or inhale the oil directly from the bottle.
  • To relieve congested airways, apply 2–3 drops topically to the chest.
  • To reduce cigarette cravings, diffuse black pepper oil or inhale it directly from the bottle when having a craving.
  • To use it as a natural treatment for arthritis and rheumatism, apply 2–3 drops topically to the area of concern.
  • To help detoxify the body, take 1–2 drops internally or apply 2–3 drops topically to the bottoms of the feet.
  • To add flavor to soups, stews, baked vegetables, salads and entrees, add 1–2 drops of black pepper essential oil.

Black Pepper Essential Oil: Plant Origin and Chemical Composition

Black pepper essential oil is extracted either through CO2 extraction or steam distillation. The essential oil has a spicy, warm, peppery and musky aroma. It’s commonly used to aid the digestive and nervous systems — stimulating circulation and promoting emotional balance. Black pepper possesses a unique versatility that’s both energizing and warming. In addition to invigorating the senses, it can be used to enhance mental clarity, and it’s a favorite among athletes and those with active lifestyles because it has warming and energizing properties.

Black pepper essential oil is also an important health food due to its antioxidant, antimicrobial potential and gastro-protective modules. With piperine as an active ingredient, black pepper holds rich phytochemistry that also includes volatile oils, oleoresins and alkaloids. Animal research has demonstrated how piperine assists in cognitive brain functioning, boosts nutrient absorption and improves gastrointestinal functionality. Animal research has also found that the free-scavenging activity of black pepper and its active ingredients may make it helpful to regulate tumor progression and also act as a general chemoprevention substance. (15)

Archaeological evidence of pepper use goes back to at least 2000 B.C. in India. References to pepper appear in Greek and Roman texts, suggesting an ancient trade between India and the West. The Romans loved adding pepper to their food; in fact, in the oldest known cookbook in existence, 80 percent of the recipes contain the spice. Signs of an ancient pepper trade from India to Egypt have also been found, including peppercorns that had been stuffed into the nostrils of Ramses the Great when he was mummified.


Black Pepper Essential Oil Precautions

Black pepper essential oil can be a strong irritant in high doses, so dilution with a carrier oil (like coconut or jojoba oil) is recommended for topical use. It’s smart to try a patch test before applying black pepper oil to a larger area of your body. Start by applying a drop to your wrist or foot to make sure you won’t have an adverse reaction.

Always read product instructions carefully before using black pepper oil internally and as I mentioned earlier, always look for the highest quality oil.

If you are currently taking any medications or have any ongoing health issues, speak with your doctor before using black pepper essential oil. Also speak with your doctor first before using this oil topically or internally if you are pregnant or nursing.


Final Thoughts on Black Pepper Essential Oil

  • Black pepper essential oil has a spicy, warm, peppery and musky aroma. It’s commonly used to aid the digestive and nervous systems — stimulating circulation, promoting emotional balance, stimulating appetite and reducing cholesterol levels.
  • You can use black pepper essential oil to aid digestion, help detoxify the body, and add flavor to your food.
  • One of the not yet well-researched benefits of black pepper oil is its ability to help you quit smoking. The warming sensation black pepper oil creates in the throat and chest when inhaled has proved to help people quit smoking more easily. Black pepper oil also helps ease anxiety and nervousness when inhaled or diffused.
  • If you use black pepper oil topically, dilute it with a carrier oil first because it can be a strong irritant.

disadur :https://draxe.com/essential-oils/black-pepper-essential-oil/


11 Science-Backed Health Benefits of Black Pepper

Black pepper is one of the most commonly used spices worldwide.

It’s made by grinding peppercorns, which are dried berries from the vine Piper nigrum.

It has a sharp and mildly spicy flavor that goes well with many dishes.

But black pepper is more than just a kitchen staple. It has been deemed the “king of spices” and used in ancient Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years due to its high concentration of potent, beneficial plant compounds (1Trusted Source2).

Here are 11 science-backed health benefits of black pepper.

1. High in antioxidants

Free radicals are unstable molecules that can damage your cells. Some free radicals are created naturally — such as when you exercise and digest food.

However, excessive free radicals can be formed with exposure to things like pollution, cigarette smoke, and sun rays (3Trusted Source).

Excess free radical damage may lead to major health problems. For example, it has been linked to inflammation, premature aging, heart disease, and certain cancers (4Trusted Source5Trusted Source6Trusted Source).

Black pepper is rich in a plant compound called piperine, which test-tube studies have found to have potent antioxidant properties.

Studies suggest that a diet high in antioxidants may help prevent or delay the damaging effects of free radicals (1Trusted Source7Trusted Source).

Test-tube and rodent studies have observed that ground black pepper and piperine supplements may reduce free radical damage (8Trusted Source).

For instance, rats fed a high-fat diet plus either black pepper or a concentrated black pepper extract had significantly fewer markers of free radical damage in their cells after 10 weeks compared to rats fed a high-fat diet alone (9Trusted Source).

SUMMARYBlack pepper is rich in a potent antioxidant called piperine, which may help prevent free radical damage to your cells.

2. Has anti-inflammatory properties

Chronic inflammation may be an underlying factor in many conditions, such as arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer (10Trusted Source11Trusted Source).

Many laboratory studies suggest that piperine — the main active compound in black pepper — may effectively fight inflammation (12Trusted Source).

For example, in studies in rats with arthritis, treatment with piperine resulted in less joint swelling and fewer blood markers of inflammation (13Trusted Source14Trusted Source).

In mouse studies, piperine suppressed inflammation in the airways caused by asthma and seasonal allergies (15Trusted Source16Trusted Source)

However, the anti-inflammatory effects of black pepper and piperine have not yet been studied extensively in people.

SUMMARYBlack pepper contains an active compound that has been shown to decrease inflammation in animals. Still, it’s unclear whether it has the same effects in humans.

3. May benefit your brain

Piperine has been shown to improve brain function in animal studies.

In particular, it has demonstrated potential benefits for symptoms related to degenerative brain conditions like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease (17Trusted Source18Trusted Source).

For example, a study in rats with Alzheimer’s disease found that piperine improved memory, as the distribution of piperine enabled the rats to repeatedly run a maze more efficiently than rats not given the compound (19Trusted Source).

In another rodent study, piperine extract seemed to decrease the formation of amyloid plaques, which are dense clumps of damaging protein fragments in the brain that have been linked to Alzheimer’s disease (20Trusted Source21Trusted Source).

Yet, studies in humans are needed to confirm whether these effects are also seen outside animal studies.

SUMMARYBlack pepper extract has improved symptoms of degenerative brain diseases in animal studies, but studies in humans are needed to verify these results.

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4. May improve blood sugar control

Studies suggest that piperine may help improve blood sugar metabolism (22Trusted Source23Trusted Source24Trusted Source).

In one study, rats fed a black pepper extract had a smaller spike in blood sugar levels after consuming glucose compared to rats in the control group (25Trusted Source).

Additionally, 86 overweight people taking a supplement containing piperine and other compounds for 8 weeks experienced significant improvements in insulin sensitivity — a measure of how well the hormone insulin removes glucose from the bloodstream (26Trusted Source).

However, it’s unclear whether the same effects would occur with black pepper alone, as a combination of many active plant compounds was used in this study.

SUMMARYBlack pepper extract may improve blood sugar control, but more research is needed.

5. May lower cholesterol levels

High blood cholesterol is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, which is the leading cause of death worldwide (27Trusted Source28Trusted Source).

Black pepper extract has been studied in animals for its potential to reduce cholesterol levels (29Trusted Source30Trusted Source31Trusted Source).

In one 42-day study, rats fed a high-fat diet and a black pepper extract had decreased blood cholesterol levels, including LDL (bad) cholesterol. The same effects were not seen in the control group (31Trusted Source).

Additionally, black pepper and piperine are believed to boost the absorption of dietary supplements that have potential cholesterol-lowering effects like turmeric and red yeast rice (32Trusted Source33Trusted Source).

For example, studies have shown that black pepper may increase the absorption of the active component of turmeric — curcumin — by up to 2,000% (34Trusted Source).

Still, more studies are needed to determine whether black pepper itself has significant cholesterol-lowering effects in humans.

SUMMARYBlack pepper has demonstrated cholesterol-lowering effects in rodent studies and is believed to boost the absorption of potential cholesterol-lowering supplements.

6. May have cancer-fighting properties

Researchers hypothesize that the active compound in black pepper, piperine, may have cancer-fighting properties (35Trusted Source36Trusted Source).

Though no human trials have been performed, test-tube studies found that piperine slowed the replication of breast, prostate, and colon cancer cells and induced cancer cell death (37Trusted Source38Trusted Source39Trusted Source40Trusted Source).

Another test-tube study screened 55 compounds from spices and observed that piperine from black pepper was the most effective at enhancing the efficacy of traditional treatment for triple-negative breast cancer, the most aggressive cancer type (41Trusted Source).

What’s more, piperine has shown promising effects in laboratory studies for reversing multidrug resistance in cancer cells — an issue that interferes with the efficacy of chemotherapy treatment (42Trusted Source43Trusted Source).

Though these results are promising, more studies are needed to understand the potential cancer-fighting properties of black pepper and piperine.

SUMMARYBlack pepper contains an active compound that has slowed the replication of cancer cells and induced cancer cell death in test-tube studies. However, these effects have not been studied in people.

7–10. Other benefits

Black pepper may benefit health in many other ways according to preliminary research:

  1. Boosts absorption of nutrients. Black pepper may increase the absorption of essential nutrients like calcium and selenium, as well some beneficial plant compounds, such as those found in green tea and turmeric (1Trusted Source44Trusted Source).
  2. May promote gut health. The makeup of your gut bacteria has been linked to immune function, mood, chronic diseases, and more. Preliminary research suggests that black pepper may increase the good bacteria in your gut (1Trusted Source45Trusted Source).
  3. May offer pain relief. Though it has yet to be studied in humans, studies in rodents suggest that the piperine in black pepper may be a natural pain reliever (46Trusted Source47Trusted Source).
  4. May reduce appetite. In a small study, 16 adults reported reduced appetite after drinking a black-pepper-based beverage compared to flavored water. However, other studies did not show the same effects (48Trusted Source49Trusted Source).

SUMMARYBlack pepper increases the absorption of essential nutrients and beneficial plant compounds. According to preliminary research, it may also promote gut health, offer pain relief, and reduce appetite.

11. A versatile spice

Black pepper has become a kitchen staple in households worldwide.

With its subtle heat and bold flavor, it’s versatile and can enhance almost any savory dish.

A dash of ground black pepper can be a tasty seasoning for cooked vegetables, pasta dishes, meat, fish, poultry, and many more.

It also pairs well with other healthful seasonings, including turmeric, cardamom, cumin, garlic, and lemon zest.

For an extra kick and a little crunch, try coating tofu, fish, chicken, and other proteins with coarsely ground peppercorns and additional seasonings.

disadur :https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/black-pepper-benefits#11.-A-versatile-spice-


Black pepper (black pepper or black pepper) is one of the most used spices.

This herb is valued not only as a food flavoring agent, but also for various other benefits, such as its medicinal, preservative and fragrance properties.

Many studies have been conducted to examine the benefits of black pepper essential oil and its main active compound, piperine, which has the ability to improve the digestive system and protect the body against oxidative damage.

The benefits of black pepper essential oil (essential oils or essential oils of black pepper) include relief of aches and pains, lowering cholesterol, detoxifying the body and increasing blood circulation.

Benefits of Black Pepper Essential Oil

  1. Relieves aches and pains

Due to its warm, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties, black pepper oil is effective in reducing muscle injury, tendonitis, arthritis and rheumatoid symptoms.

A 2014 study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine assessed the efficacy of various aromatic essential oils in neck pain.

Study participants were given a cream consisting of black pepper, marjoram, lavender and peppermint essential oil which was applied to the neck every day for a period of four weeks.

The results showed an increase in pain tolerance and a significant decrease in neck pain.

  1. Helps Digestion

Black pepper oil helps relieve discomfort caused by constipation, diarrhea and bloating.

Various studies show this oil has antidiarrheal, gastro-protective, and antispasmodic properties.

Black pepper works by stimulating the stomach to increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid needed for digestion.

Black pepper has also been used to treat symptoms of IBS (internal bowel syndrome) as well as bladder dysfunction.

  1. Lowering Cholesterol

A 2002 study examined the effects of fat reduction (lipids) in rats fed a high-fat diet.

Researchers found supplementation with black pepper could increase HDL cholesterol concentrations and reduce LDL cholesterol and VLDL cholesterol concentrations in the plasma of rats fed high-fat diets.

Use black pepper essential oil internally to reduce high triglycerides and increase total cholesterol levels.

  1. Has Antivirus Properties

Long-term use of antibiotics can lead to the evolution of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.

The study, published in Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, found that black pepper extract contains anti-virulence properties, which means targeting the virulence of bacteria without affecting cell survival.

This study shows that of the 83 essential oils studied, black pepper, cananga and myrrh oil inhibited the formation of staphylococcus aureus biofilms and almost eliminated hemolytic (destruction of red blood cells) due to S. aureus activity.

  1. Blood Circulation

When taken internally, black pepper essential oil can increase blood circulation and stimulate mucus and bile flow.

This oil has warming properties when applied or taken internally.

Mix black pepper oil with cinnamon or turmeric essential oil to improve blood circulation properties.

  1. Demonstrate Anticancer Properties

According to a 2010 study conducted at Michigan State University, black pepper oil and its constituents showed anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activities.

Compounds derived from black pepper are known to inhibit the spread of human cancer cells, with piperine being the most effective compound.

  1. Relieve Anxiety and Addiction to Cigarettes

Black pepper oil helps reduce cigarette addiction and anxiety symptoms due to smoking addiction.

A 1994 study published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence found black pepper oil can reduce certain symptoms of cigarette addiction, including the desire to smoke.

Forty-eight smokers participated in a three-hour session conducted after an overnight fast from smoking.

The participants were divided into three groups: the first group smokers sucked the devices that deliver steam from black pepper essential oil, the second group smoked mint / menthol steam and the third group smoked empty devices.

The results showed that the desire to smoke was significantly reduced in the black pepper group compared to two control groups.

In addition, negative effects and anxiety symptoms were seen to be reduced in the black pepper group.

This study shows the sensation of the respiratory tract is important to reduce the symptoms of smoking addiction and a substitute for cigarettes in the form of black pepper might be useful to stop smoking addiction.

Black pepper oil is also one of the best essential oils to reduce anxiety and alleviate nervous conditions.

  1. Helps Detoxify the Body

Black pepper oil gives a warm sensation when applied, which triggers perspiration.

This oil also functions as a diuretic and increases urination, thus helping to get rid of toxins and excess water from the body.

This benefit works to reduce swelling and inflammation, while helping to reduce blood pressure naturally.

A 2013 study published in Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics found piperine supplementation helped normalize blood pressure, increase glucose tolerance (normalize blood sugar levels), reduce inflammation and improve liver function in rats fed a high-fat diet.

This change shows that piperine reduces the symptoms of metabolic syndrome by helping the body excrete toxins and reduce inflammation.

  1. Functioning to Stimulate Appetite

Research shows olfactory stimulation using black pepper essential oil, which is a strong appetite stimulator, can facilitate the process of swallowing in people with neurological disorders.

Inhaling and swallowing black pepper oil activates the insular or orbitofrontal cortex, resulting in increased reflexive swallowing movements.

In 2008, the olfactory stimulation effect of black pepper oil was investigated in pediatric patients receiving long-term enteral nutrition (eating with liquid supplements or feeding tubes) due to neurological disorders.

In 8 out of 10 patients, the black pepper oil intervention was continued for three months.

The result, five patients showed an increase in the amount of oral intake accompanied by an increase in swallowing movements.

  1. Used as a Food Preservative

Black and green pepper essential oil was used in a 2015 study to determine antimicrobial activity against food spoilage when added to chicken soup.

The researchers found black pepper essential oil showed antimicrobial, antifungal and antibacterial properties, and successfully inhibited bacterial growth in chicken soup.

The results revealed that black and green pepper essential oil efficiently control the growth of microorganisms that cause food spoilage.

Chemical Compounds in Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil is extracted through a steam distillation process and has a spicy, warm, and musky aroma.

This oil is commonly used to aid digestion and the nervous system, stimulate blood circulation and promote emotional balance.

Black pepper has unique properties to generate energy and warm the body.

In addition to refreshing the senses, black pepper can be used to increase mental clarity.

Black pepper essential oil is also a healthy food because it contains antioxidants, antimicrobial properties and protective properties of digestion.

With piperine as an active ingredient, black pepper contains phytochemicals, oleoresin and alkaloids.

Piperine helps cognitive function of the brain, increases absorption of nutrients and improves digestive function.

The study also found activity against black pepper free radicals and their active ingredients might help as chemoprotective agents and in controlling tumor development and growth.

Archeological evidence about the use of pepper can be traced to 2000 BC in India.

Notes on the use of pepper also appear in Greek and Roman texts, showing the pepper trade between India and the Western world.

The Romans loved adding pepper to their food. This is supported by the fact that 80 percent of the oldest recipe books use pepper.

Side Effects of Black Pepper Essential Oil

Black pepper essential oil can be a strong irritant in high doses, so dilution with carrier oil (such as coconut oil or jojoba oil) is highly recommended for topical use.

In addition, do a test by applying black pepper essential oil to a small part of the skin before applying it to a wider part of the body.

Start by applying a little to your wrist or ankle to make sure you don’t experience an adverse reaction.


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