Minyak Valerian

100% PURE & NATURAL

ESSENTIAL OIL

Note :

SETIAP ESSENTIAL OIL- UNTUK PEMAKAIAN TOPICALLY ( DIOLES GOSOK KE BAGIAN TUBUH), MAKA HARUS DICAMPUR DENGAN CARRIER OIL TERLEBIH DAHULU.


8 Manfaat & Efek Samping Valerian Essential Oil (Minyak Valerian)


Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) adalah tanaman berbunga abadi yang memiliki bunga berwarna putih atau pink dan beraroma manis.

Ekstrak bunga valerian digunakan sebagai parfum pada abad ke-16. Valerian merupakan tumbuhan asli Eropa dan sebagian Asia.

Bunga ini sering dikunjungi oleh banyak spesies lalat, terutama dari genus Eristalis.

Bunga valerian juga dianggap sebagai makanan oleh larva beberapa spesies Lepidoptera (kupu-kupu dan ngengat).

Terdapat sekitar 200 spesies valerian yang diketahui dan tumbuh di daerah beriklim sedang di seluruh dunia.

Valerian yang ditanam di kebun membantu meningkatkan aktivitas cacing tanah serta merangsang pertumbuhan tanaman lainnya.

Nama valerian diperkirakan berasal dari bahasa Latin “Valere” yang berarti, “berada dalam kesehatan” atau dari nama kaisar Romawi, Valerianus.

“Officinalis” menunjukkan bahwa tumbuhan ini merupakan herbal yang digunakan sebagai obat. Orang Yunani kuno menyebut valerian sebagai “Phu”.

Ekstrak akar valerian dijual sebagai suplemen makanan dalam bentuk kapsul. Akar valerian diyakini memiliki efek obat penenang dan efek anxiolytic.

Sejarah Penggunaan Valerian

Aelius Galenus, dokter, filosof dan ahli bedah terkenal dari Romawi, meresepkan akar valerian untuk mengobati insomnia.

Teh valerian diresepkan untuk mengobati seorang wanita sakit oleh Pilgram Marpeck, seorang reformer Anabaptist pada abad keenam belas.

Dioscorides, dokter Yunani yang terkenal, merekomendasikan valerian untuk pengobatan gangguan pencernaan, infeksi saluran kemih, jantung berdebar-debar, epilepsi dan beberapa masalah kulit lainnya.

Hippocrates, bapak kedokteran Barat juga menyarankan akar valerian sebagai anti-depresan dan sebagai obat untuk mengobati insomnia.

Selama abad pertengahan di Swedia, valerian dikatakan ditempatkan di pakaian pernikahan mempelai pria untuk menjauhkan diri dari rasa iri para elf.

Dalam tradisi pengobatan Ayurvedic, valerian umumnya dikenal sebagai Tagara.

Teks Ayurvedic menyarankan penggunaan akar valerian dan minyak esensial yang diekstrak dari akar untuk mengobati berbagai penyakit termasuk insomnia, masalah kulit dan gangguan saraf tertentu.

Valerian terdaftar sebagai ‘Generally Recognized As Safe” oleh FDA Amerika Serikat dan disetujui penggunaannya sebagai obat penenang ringan oleh Komisi E Jerman

Kandungan Valerian Essential Oil

Terdapat ratusan tahun bukti penggunaan valerian oil untuk mendukung kesehatan secara alami.

Karena popularitasnya, valerian essential oil secara luas tersedia di seluruh dunia dan penggunaannya terus berkembang karena semakin banyak orang yang merasakan manfaatnya.

Minyak esensial valerian mengandung berbagai senyawa kimia alkaloid, berbagai macam senyawa asam, terpene dan flavonole.

Berikut adalah senyawa yang terkandung dalam valerian oil:

  • Alkaloid yang meliputi actinidine, chatinine, shyanthine, valerianine dan valerine.
  • Isovaleramide, diperkirakan terbentuk selama proses ekstraksi.
  • Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
  • Isovaleric acid.
  • Iridoid, termasuk valepotriate isovaltrate dan valtrate.
  • Sesquiterpene yang meliputi valerenic acid, hydroxyvalerenic acid dan acetoxyvalerenic acid.
  • Flavanone yang meliputi hesperidin, 6-methylapigenin dan linarin.

Manfaat Kesehatan Valerian Essential Oil

1. Mengatasi Gangguan Tidur

Salah satu manfaat tertua dan paling banyak dipelajari dari minyak esensial valerian adalah kemampuannya menyembuhkan insomnia dan meningkatkan kualitas tidur.

Komponen aktif dalam valerian oil melepaskan hormon dan menyeimbangkan siklus tubuh untuk merangsang tidur yang tenang dan tidak terganggu.

Mengatasi gangguan tidur telah menjadi salah satu penggunaan utama akar valerian sejak zaman kuno.

2. Meringankan Kecemasan dan Depresi

Manfaat ini dianggap terkait dengan poin sebelumnya tentang gangguan tidur.

Valerian essential oil juga banyak digunakan untuk meningkatkan mood dan mengurangi kecemasan.

Senyawa dalam valerian oil efektif mengurangi energi negatif dan bahan kimia di dalam tubuh yang dapat menyebabkan kecemasan dan stres.

Hormon stres bisa berbahaya bila berada dalam kondisi kronis pada tubuh. Minyak valerian dapat membantu menyeimbangkan tubuh dan meningkatkan rasa damai serta tenang.

3. Meringankan Masalah Perut

Saat mengalami sakit perut, banyak orang beralih ke solusi farmasi, meskipun solusi alami sering menjadi yang terbaik untuk mengatasi masalah pencernaan.

Valerian essential oil dapat dengan cepat meredakan sakit perut dan menginduksi gerakan usus yang sehat sekaligus melancarkan buang air kecil.

Minyak esensial ini sekaligus membantu mendetoksifikasi tubuh dan meningkatkan penyerapan nutrisi dari saluran pencernaan, sehingga meningkatkan kesehatan secara keseluruhan.

4. Palpitasi Jantung

Valerian essential oil telah dihubungkan dengan kejadian lebih rendah dari jantung berdebar-debar (palpitasi) pada subjek studi.

Senyawa-senyawa volatile dalam minyak esensial ini berinteraksi dengan asam di dalam jantung untuk merangsang tingkat metabolisme normal dan menenangkan perilaku tak menentu pada sistem kardiovaskular.

5. Melindungi Kulit

Valerian essential oil yang dioleskan secara topikal maupun digunakan secara internal bisa menjadi solusi untuk meningkatkan penampilan kulit.

Minyak esensial valerian mampu memberi lapisan pelindung yang menjaga kulit dari keriput dan juga berfungsi sebagai penghalang antivirus yang membantu menjaga tubuh tetap sehat.

6. Mengendalikan Tekanan Darah

Bahan aktif yang terdapat dalam valerian essential oil diketahui membantu tubuh mengatur tekanan darah.

Tekanan darah tinggi dapat menyebabkan ketegangan yang tidak perlu pada sistem kardiovaskular dan meningkatkan kemungkinan stroke serta serangan jantung.

Minyak esensial valerian secara alami dapat mengurangi risiko ini saat digunakan secara internal.

7. Meningkatkan Kemampuan Kognitif

Meskipun banyak minyak esensial memiliki kemampuan meningkatkan fungsi kognitif, akar valerian telah dianggap sebagai booster otak selama ratusan tahun.

Valerian merangsang berbagai wilayah otak dan meningkatkan sirkulasi darah, serta merangsang jalur impuls yang menjaga otak tetap segar dan aktif.

Anak-anak dan orang dewasa yang mengkonsumsi akar valerian menunjukkan peningkatan kinerja akademis.

Selain itu, valerian memiliki manfaat melindungi memori dan menunda gangguan kognitif, seperti demensia atau penyakit Alzheimer.

8. Meringankan Kram Menstruasi

Sifat relaksasi valerian essential oil telah membuatnya menjadi bagian populer dari perawatan menstruasi selama bertahun-tahun.

Minyak esensial ini dapat mengurangi keparahan dan ketidaknyamanan akibat kram menstruasi, yang merupakan kabar baik bagi sebagian wanita.

Efek Samping dan Informasi Keamanan Valerian Essential Oil

Terdapat beberapa efek samping yang pernah dilaporkan terkait penggunaan valerian essential oil.

Dosis besar diketahui dapat menyebabkan sakit perut, apatis, perasaan tertekan atau depresi ringan.

Karena sifat penenang yang dimilikinya, valerian dapat menyebabkan pusing atau mengantuk, efek yang harus dipertimbangkan sebelum mengemudi atau mengoperasikan alat berat.

Dalam kasus yang jarang terjadi, valerian bisa menyebabkan reaksi alergi, biasanya sebagai ruam kulit, gatal-gatal, atau kesulitan bernapas.

Karena senyawa dalam valerian bisa memicu depresi sistem saraf pusat, valerian tidak boleh digunakan bersama dengan depresan lainnya, seperti ethanol, benzodiazepin, barbiturat, opiat, kava, atau obat-obatan antihistamin.

Selain itu, hepatotoksisitas pada manusia dewasa telah dikaitkan dengan penggunaan jangka pendek (beberapa hari sampai beberapa bulan) obat herbal yang mengandung valerian dan Scutellaria.

Pengujian pada hewan dan data pada manusia yang masih terbatas tidak memungkinkan untuk diambil kesimpulan mengenai keamanan valerian selama kehamilan.

Demi keamanan, hindari penggunaan produk valerian selama masa kehamilan karena potensi sitotoksisitas pada janin dan hepatotoksisitas pada ibu.

Namun secara umum, tidak terdapat efek samping negatif dari penggunaan valerian essential oil.

Hanya perlu diingat, konsumsi berlebihan minyak esensial valerian bisa memicu pusing, kram, sakit perut, depresi ringan, dan kadang-kadang muncul sebagai ruam kulit atau gatal-gatal.

http : atsirich.com/2017/8-manfaat-efek-samping-valerian-essential-oil-minyak-valerian/


Valerian Essential Oil

Valerian Essential Oil

Valerian Essential Oil is steam distilled from the roots of Valeriana officinalis. This pretty plant produces pretty pinkish white flowers, but it’s the roots that are responsible for the extraordinarily relaxing properties that valerian is known for.

Valerian Essential Oil is primarily used to help aid instances of insomnia, restlessness and nervous tension.

Valerian Oil is abundant in sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpenols. The composition of Valerian Oil can vary dramatically based on country of origin and growing conditions.

The aroma of Valerian Oil can be pungent and unpleasant, depending on the distillation, origin of the oil and the age of the oil. If you find the aroma to be hard to tolerate, the aroma can be softened dramatically by blending it at low dilution with other essential oils. I find that Valerian Essential Oil tends to blend well aromatically with LavenderRoman ChamomileVetiverPatchouli and Sweet Orange.

Botanical Name

Valeriana officinalis

Common Method of Extraction

Steam Distilled

Plant Part Typically Used

Roots

Color

Yellowish-green to greenish-brown.

Consistency

Thin

Perfumery Note

Base

Strength of Initial Aroma

Strong

Aromatic Description

Valerian Essential Oil smells tenacious with warm, woody, balsamic characteristics. Depending on the age of the oil and the distillation, some Valerian Oils can smell more unpleasant than others and have an aromatic quality that resembles smelly feet. [Reference: Steffen Arctander, Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin (Reprint Edition. Elizabeth, NJ: Pathfinder., 2017), 637.]

Valerian Essential Oil Uses

  • Insomnia
  • Nervous Tension
  • Migraine
  • Nervous Indigestion

References: Salvatore Battaglia, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy (Australia: The Perfect Potion, 2003), 582.

Sustainability and Conservation Status

Least Concern
Source: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/201537/2708339

To learn more about the conservation status of essential oil bearing plants and how to use the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, please refer to AromaWeb’s Guide to Essential Oils and Sustainability.

Major Constituents

  • Valerianol
  • Bornyl acetate
  • Valeranone
  • Valeranal
  • Camphene
  • a-Kessyl acetate
  • Elemol

See Essential Oil Safety for a more complete list of typical constituents.

Reference: B.M. Lawrence, Progress in Essential Oils, Number 3. (Perfumer & Flavorist 24, 1999), 53-56. Source cited in Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 461.

Valerian Essential Oil Safety Information

Tisserand and Young do not indicate any special precautions when using Valerian Essential Oil. Reading Tisserand and Young’s full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 461-462.]

As mentioned by Salvatore Battaglia: “Pizzorno & Murray state that there is some concern that valerian may prolong thiopental and pentobarbital-induced sleep. This indicates the need to avoid concurrent use of valerian and barbituates.” [Reference: JE Pizzorno and MT Murry. Textbook of natural medicine, 4th edition. Churchill Livingston, 2013 as cited in Salvatore Battaglia, The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy (Australia: The Perfect Potion, 2003), 582.]

General Safety Information

Do not take any oils internally and do not apply undiluted essential oils, absolutes, CO2s or other concentrated essences onto the skin without advanced essential oil knowledge or consultation from a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. For general dilution information, read AromaWeb’s Guide to Diluting Essential Oils. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. Before using this or any essential oil, carefully read AromaWeb’s Essential Oil Safety Information page. For in-depth information on oil safety issues, read Essential Oil Safety by Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young.

Shelf Life

View Shelf Life Information

Important Information About the Profiles

The essential oil information provided on AromaWeb is intended for educational purposes only. The references to safety information, constituents and percentages is generalized information. The data is not necessary complete and is not guaranteed to be accurate. The essential oil photos are intended to represent the typical and approximate color of each essential oil. However, essential oil color can vary based on harvesting, distillation, age of the essential oil and other factors. Profiles for several absolutes are included within the directory, and are denoted as such.

Disadur: https://www.aromaweb.com/essential-oils/valerian-oil.asp


How Valerian Root Helps You Relax and Sleep Better

Valerian root is often referred to as “nature’s Valium.” In fact, this herb has been used since ancient times to promote tranquility and improve sleep.

Although it has received a lot of positive attention, questions have also been raised about its effectiveness and safety.

This article outlines the benefits of valerian, explores concerns about its safety and provides guidance on how to take it to get the best results.

What Is Valerian Root?

Valeriana officinalis, commonly known as valerian, is an herb native to Asia and Europe. It is now also grown in the US, China and other countries.

Flowers from the valerian plant were used to make perfume centuries ago, and the root portion has been used in traditional medicine for at least 2,000 years.

Unlike its delicately scented flowers, valerian root has a very strong, earthy odor due to the volatile oils and other compounds responsible for its sedative effects.

Interestingly, the name “valerian” is derived from the Latin verb valere, which means “to be strong” or “to be healthy.” Valerian root extract is available as a supplement in capsule or liquid form. It can also be consumed as a tea.

SUMMARY:Valerian is an herb native to Asia and Europe. Its root has been used to promote relaxation and sleep since ancient times.

How Does It Work?

Valerian root contains a number of compounds that may promote sleep and reduce anxiety.

These include valerenic acid, isovaleric acid and a variety of antioxidants.

Valerian has received attention for its interaction with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a chemical messenger that helps regulate nerve impulses in your brain and nervous system.

Researchers have shown that low GABA levels related to acute and chronic stress are linked to anxiety and low-quality sleep (1Trusted Source2Trusted Source3Trusted Source).

Valerenic acid has been found to inhibit the breakdown of GABA in the brain, resulting in feelings of calmness and tranquility. This is the same way anti-anxiety medications like Valium and Xanax work (4Trusted Source5Trusted Source6Trusted Source).

Valerian root also contains the antioxidants hesperidin and linarin, which appear to have sedative and sleep-enhancing properties (7).

Many of these compounds may inhibit excessive activity in the amygdala, a part of the brain that processes fear and strong emotional responses to stress (5Trusted Source8Trusted Source).

One study found that treating mice with valerian improved their response to physical and psychological stress by maintaining levels of serotonin, a brain chemical involved in mood regulation (9Trusted Source).

Moreover, researchers have shown that isovaleric acid may prevent sudden or involuntary muscle contractions similar to valproic acid, a medication used to treat epilepsy (10Trusted Source11Trusted Source).

SUMMARY:Valerian contains a number of compounds that may help promote calmness by reducing GABA breakdown, improving stress response and maintaining adequate levels of mood-stabilizing brain chemicals.

Valerian Root Can Help You Relax

Staying calm while under stress can be difficult.

Research suggests that valerian root may help ease anxious feelings that occur in response to stressful situations (6Trusted Source12Trusted Source13Trusted Source14Trusted Source).

In one study, rats treated with valerian root prior to a maze experiment displayed significantly less anxious behavior than rats given alcohol or no treatment (6Trusted Source).

A study in healthy adults given challenging mental tests found that a combination of valerian and lemon balm reduced anxiety ratings. However, an extremely high dose of the supplement actually increased anxiety ratings (14Trusted Source).

In addition to decreasing anxiety in response to acute stress, valerian root may also help with chronic conditions characterized by anxious behaviors, such as generalized anxiety disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (15Trusted Source16Trusted Source).

In an eight-week controlled study of adults with OCD, the group who took valerian extract on a daily basis showed a significant reduction in obsessive and compulsive behaviors when compared to the control group (16Trusted Source).

What’s more, unlike many of the medications commonly used to treat OCD, valerian didn’t cause any significant side effects.

Another study suggests that children who have trouble maintaining focus or experience hyperactive behaviors may benefit from valerian.

In this controlled study of 169 elementary school children, a combination of valerian and lemon balm improved focus, hyperactivity and impulsiveness by more than 50% among children with the most severe symptoms (17Trusted Source).

SUMMARY:Valerian root may help reduce anxiety related to acute stress and improve symptoms of OCD. It may also increase focus and reduce hyperactive behavior in children.

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Valerian Root May Help You Sleep Better

Sleep disorders are extremely common.

It’s estimated that about 30% of people experience insomnia, meaning they have difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep or achieving high-quality, restorative sleep (18Trusted Source).

Research suggests that taking valerian root may reduce the amount of time it takes to fall asleep, as well as improve sleep quality and quantity (19Trusted Source20Trusted Source21Trusted Source22Trusted Source23Trusted Source24Trusted Source).

In a controlled study of 27 young and middle-aged adults with sleep difficulties, 24 people reported improved sleep and 12 of those reported “perfect sleep” after taking 400 mg of valerian root (24Trusted Source).

Slow-wave sleep, also known as deep sleep, is important for repairing and recharging your body so you wake up feeling well-rested and energetic.

One study in adults with insomnia found that a single dose of valerian allowed them to achieve deep sleep 36% faster. Additionally, the time they spent in deep sleep increased during 14 days of taking valerian (25Trusted Source).

Valerian may also help people who have insomnia after they stop taking benzodiazepines, sedative medications that may lead to dependence over time (26Trusted Source).

In a study of people who had withdrawal symptoms related to stopping benzodiazepines after long-term use, significant improvements in sleep quality were reported after two weeks of valerian treatment (27Trusted Source).

Although most research looking at valerian’s effects on sleep has been conducted in adults, there are a few studies suggesting children who have trouble sleeping may also benefit from it (28Trusted Source29Trusted Source).

In a small eight-week study of developmentally delayed children with sleeping disorders, valerian reduced the time it took to fall asleep, increased total sleep time and led to better quality sleep (29Trusted Source).

However, although systematic reviews of several studies have concluded that valerian is safe, some researchers feel there isn’t enough evidence to confirm that it is more effective for sleep disorders than a placebo (30Trusted Source31Trusted Source32Trusted Source33Trusted Source).

SUMMARY:Several studies suggest that valerian root may improve the ability to fall asleep, stay asleep and achieve high-quality sleep in adults and children with insomnia.

Other Benefits of Valerian Root

There is less published research on the effects on other conditions. However, some studies suggest that valerian root can provide benefits for:

  • Menopause: One study in menopausal women found significant reductions in hot flash severity and modest reductions in hot flash frequency during eight weeks of treatment with 765 mg of valerian daily (34Trusted Source).
  • Menstrual problems: Women who suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or painful menstruation may benefit from valerian. One study found it improved physical, emotional and behavioral symptoms of PMS (35Trusted Source36Trusted Source37Trusted Source).
  • Restless legs syndrome: An eight-week study in people with restless legs syndrome showed that taking 800 mg per day improved symptoms and decreased daytime sleepiness (38Trusted Source).
  • Parkinson’s disease: A study found that treating mice with Parkinson’s disease with valerian extract led to better behavior, a decrease in inflammation and an increase in antioxidant levels (39Trusted Source).

SUMMARY:Early research suggests that valerian root may be helpful for menopause, premenstrual syndrome, painful menses, restless legs syndrome and neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.

Are There Any Adverse Effects?

Valerian has been shown to be remarkably safe for most people.

Studies have found that it does not cause adverse changes in DNA, nor does it interfere with cancer therapy in patients who take it to relieve anxiety and promote sleep (40Trusted Source41Trusted Source).

Furthermore, it does not appear to affect mental or physical performance when used as directed.

One study found no difference in morning reaction time, alertness or concentration in people who took valerian the evening before (42Trusted Source).

Unlike many anti-anxiety or sleep medications, valerian doesn’t seem to cause problems with dependency from regular use or withdrawal symptoms if it is discontinued.

Although side effects are uncommon, valerian has been reported to cause headaches, stomach pain and dizziness in a few cases. Ironically, even insomnia has been reported, although this is rare.

If you have liver disease or another serious medical condition, it’s important to speak with your doctor about whether it is safe for you to take valerian.

It is also advised that pregnant women and children under three years of age not take valerian without medical supervision because potential risks for these groups have not been evaluated.

SUMMARY:Valerian has been shown to be safe for most people. However, it should not be taken by pregnant women, very young children and people with serious disease unless supervised by a medical professional.

How to Take Valerian Root to Maximize Benefits

Valerian will provide the best results when taken as directed for the desired effect.

Most studies in people with sleeping difficulty used 400–900 mg of valerian extract, which has been shown to be a safe and effective dosage. For the best results, take it 30 minutes to two hours before bedtime (43Trusted Source).

Keep in mind that the largest dosage may not always be best.

One study found that taking either 450 mg or 900 mg of valerian root at night helped people fall asleep faster and improved sleep quality. However, the 900-mg dose was linked to drowsiness the following morning (21Trusted Source).

An alternative to capsules is to make a tea using 2–3 grams of dried valerian root steeped in hot water for 10–15 minutes.

Research suggests that valerian is most effective once you’ve taken it regularly for at least two weeks and then continue taking it for another two to four weeks.

Since valerian can cause drowsiness, it’s important not to take it if you plan to drive, operate heavy machinery or perform work or other activities that require alertness.

For anxiety, take a smaller dosage of 120–200 mg three times per day at mealtimes, with the last dose just before bedtime. Taking larger doses during the day could result in sleepiness.

It is important to note that alcohol, sedative or anti-anxiety medications, herbs and other supplements should never be taken with valerian because it can increase their depressant effects.

SUMMARY:To maximize benefits, take 400–900 mg valerian for insomnia before bed. For anxiety, take 120–200 mg three times per day. Avoid alcohol, sedatives and anti-anxiety medications when taking valerian.

The Bottom Line

Valerian is an herb that may help improve sleep, promote relaxation and reduce anxiety.

It appears to be safe and non-habit forming when taken at the recommended dosage. In some cases, it may be able to replace benzodiazepines and similar drugs.

Nevertheless, it’s important to speak with your doctor before taking valerian, especially if you’re taking other medications or have a serious health condition.

While studies suggest that many people experience great results with valerian, others may not see the same improvements.

However, given its safety and potential benefits, you may want to give valerian a try if you have problems with sleep or anxiety.

It just may improve your sleep, mood and ability to deal with stress.

disadur :https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/valerian-root#TOC_TITLE_HDR_9


 


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